History & Geography of Tumbes
Tumbes has its origins back in pre-Inca times when it was inhabited by a cultural group of natives called Tumpis. At its peak, its population is estimated to have reached 178,000. After 1400, Inca Pachacuti ruled over Tumbes and the territory became an important political stronghold during the Inca Empire. Later Inca emperor Huayna Capac expanded Tumbes by sending for the construction of roads, houses and palaces.
Tumbes was first discovered by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro during the start of the Spanish conquest of Peru in 1528. Pizarro made a second expedition in 1532, which, unlike the first, he encountered resistance from the curaca (chieftain) Chilimaza in what became known as the Battle of the Manglares. Pizarro was eventually successful and is said to have planted a cross in the conquered territory as a sign of Spanish conquest during the time. The first South American interpreters that later aided Pizarro and his followers during the conquest of Peru, Felipillo and Yacané, were born in Tumbes.
Geography & Climate
Tumbes is a coastal region in northwestern Peru. Due to the region's location near the Equatorial line it has a warm climate, with beaches that are considered among the finest in Peru. The Tumbes Region is located in a strategic zone due to its closeness to the Ecuadorian border. Despite its small area, this region has been privileged with a great variety of ecosystems.
This between the parallels 3 degrees 23´y 4 degrees 14´de South latitude and the 81 degrees 4 degrees and 80 and 08´ of west longitude of the meridian of Greenwich. Its semitropical climate corresponds to a Peruvian zone, with permanent sun all the year. The season of rain is of January to April La Maxima temperature is of 38 º C the minim is of 19ºC with an average of annual of 24 degrees C.
In Tumbes, summer is eternal, and the surroundings resemble Paradise. The fact it lies so close to the Equator has determined the landscape, which teems in plantlife. Its history dates back centuries, when the Tumpis, a tribe who were excellent sailors, settled in the far northwest of Peru. These were the first natives discovered by the Spaniards in 1532.
The superb beaches of Tumbes and its warm sea are ideal for surfing and underwater fishing. The beach of Punta Sal is considered one of the finest on the Peruvian coast for its pure white sands and a sea ideal for water sports. North of the city of Tumbes lies Puerto Pizarro, the gateway to the National Mangroves Sanctuary. The mangroves have formed vast clumps of water-borne forests which have created a unique eco-system linking the river and the sea. The mangroves are the breeding grounds for black scallops, which are served up in Tumbes' most famous dish, the cebiche de conchas negras. Other mouth-watering local recipes include ají de langostinos (spicy shrimp strew) and majarisco (plantain served in a shellfish sauce).
South of Tumbes lies Zorritos, the town which received its name from workers involved in drilling the first oilwell in the area, back in 1863. Not far from Zorritos lies the Bocapán beach, where visitors can swim in Hervideros, natural hot springs bubbling with iodized salts. A good time to visit Tumbes is in October, when visitors can take part in the local Tourism Week and enjoy the beaches, the local cooking and above all the warm hospitality of its people.
Province of Tumbes
Quite ample main seat with an area of 4.691,60 m2. and modern, with exotic plantations of the Zone, leafy trees of great size with noneatable hanging fruits scientifically call Kingelia Pinnata, known popularly like matazonzo, in the part of proscenio rises an acoustic shell had with allusive mosaic to the encounter of two worlds in whose center the head of the Chilimassa Cacique stands out, its lateral with ornamentales sinks with a system of water recirculation dancers.
The Cathedral "San Nicolas de Tolentino"
Constructed in Century XVII, by the Agustinos parents. Its architecture is of Repúblicano type. In 1985, it is recovered, being at the present time one of most modern of the north of the Country. It has baroque style with works done in arc of average point in two of his levels, by being of great and small type hall. Its ceiling conformed by aprons of two levels and showy cupolas of representation nose. The greater altar, is worked in wood with applications of baroque style. It is characterized to represent an oil (passage of the resurrection of Christ). It presents/displays one of the Cristos most beautiful by the precision of its line anatomical.
The classic route and that allows us to know the city on the inside is the following one: The best place to initiate it is the Bolognesi Square, closely together to the Jerusalem stroll where mts exists a sculpture of Christ of 18. of height, of we walked there by happens of the concord to arrive at the seat mayor(antes seat from arms), later we go away by the Grau street where many old and typical houses exist, until the street Jose Gez in the direction of the levee of the river you fall down where we will find the monument to the kiss, continuous our route and we were transferred until the boulevard of the mother.
The Viewpoint Wood Santo
Is in the hill but high, near the city of You fall down and of there we observed the encounter of the nature and the geography, as it changes the coast, of the coast húmeda(ecosistema to manglar) goes to the desert dry coast; as of the zone of hills one goes to immense a level one; in the conservation area, crossing different footpaths we will be with a sample of the tropical dry forest in which but of 15 years this working in their care and recovery, which has generated the return of significant fauna, specially birds, investigations made by ornithologists in the month of May 2000 have been but of 30 species of birds of which but of 6 they are in risk situation, also we have observed exemplary of anteaters coastal and foxes
The Community of the Blessed
Located in the South limit the west of the National Sanctuary of the Manglares of the Peru '; the inhabitants of the community live on the artisan fishing and the harvesting of seafood that manglar produces
Archaeological rest of Head of Cow and the Museum of Site Great Chilimasa
To 5 km to the southwest of the city of You knock down (10 minutes in car approximately) Joint archaeological fact with stone and marinates. Have been pieces of ceramics, stone bones and instruments, all these still dispersed by adjacent hills. According to the investigators, the place was occupied from the time preInca, during the Chimú predominance and to the stage Inca. In the complex they have been managed to distinguish a factory in that shells worked, like spondylus and vivalvos. They have also been, a way of 8 km constructed with rolled song that connected the archaeological site with the coast, an irrigation channel and a pyramid truncates of marinates or denominated huaca "Head of Cow" of 250 meters in length, 100 meters wide and 15 meters of stop.
Province of Zarumilla
The Natural Sanctuary Mongroves and Pizarro Port
Located on the far northwest Peruvian coast, covering an area of 2,972 hectares, the Tumbes mangroves are the borderline for many species of flora and fauna associated with this kind of eco-system. The natural sanctuary protects the country's largest mangroves, and is a haven for the many varied animal species that feed off them. Particularly striking are the invertebrates, featuring an enormous variety of mollusks, including black scallops, 34 species of crustaceans, 33 types of snails and more than a hundred fish species. The sanctuary is also a key breeding ground for commercial marine species such as shrimp. Migratory and resident bird species, as well as the endangered black American alligator, a unique species, and the anteater, are just a few of the more interesting inhabitants of the area.
The Zona Reservad of Tumbes
To 51 km approx. to noreste of the city of Tumbes (3 hours in 4x4). The Reserved Zone, a paradise for observers d and to v and s, insects, flora and fauna in general, very similar to amazonía, zone of high, leafy trees where they inhabit deer, monkeys boundary, squirrels; own butterflies of the place and beautiful orquídeas.
Province Contralmirante Villar
Park National Amotape Hills
To 36 km approx. of the city of Tumbes (1 hours and 20 minutes in car). Located in the departments of Piura and Tumbes over a land surface of 91 300 hectares of Equatorial dry forests, the Cerros de Amotape, or Amotape Hills, provide shelter to a wide and unique collection of plant and animal wildlife. It was created in 1 975 to protect the vast forests of the Amotape Cordillera and the neighboring valleys, subject to intense lumbering activity due to the valuable hard woods that grow there like hualtaco and guayacán.
The American crocodile and the northeastern otter are some of the animals that find shelter in this ecosystem. Both are endangered species on the verge of extinction. Other residents of the dry forest are the Tumbes howler monkey, white-tailed deer, ocelots and more than 100 bird species, many of which are endemic, like the white-winged guan and the northern magpie.
If you're looking for creature comforts in Tumbes, near the town of Zorritos lies Punta Camarón, at Km 1,233 of the North Pan-American Highway, where coconut palms hide a set of bungalows with a swimming pool and a restaurant, while the sea is ideal for watersports. One can also stroll along the beach to the nearby town of Bocapán, home to the Hervideros hot springs.
For many the finest spot along Peru's north coast, with sun and tranquillity guaranteed year-round. Punta Sal is a small beach resort in the department of Tumbes (Km 1,187) fringed by sand dunes and groves of carob trees, and facing a semi-circular beach lapped by warm water and gentle waves which make for a welcoming paradise.
Waters Termomedicinales and mud Baths Hervideros
To 40 km aprox. of the city Tumbes (45 minutes in car). In You fall down exist many places with thermal waters, but known and visited they are those of SWARMS by the greater amount of water, muds and their proximity to the beach, the temperature of this varia water between 25°C and 45°C.
The thermal water arises in a place where very fine clays exist, those that when mixing itself with the water form a species of barbotina of ceramist where they find basic mineral ions for the health like of calcium, magnesium, silica, iron, iodine, sulfur and others, as well as fine clays that are those that provides that curativo gift that is attributed to muds.