Relief: The territory of the department of San Martin is characterized by its diversity. The western side, it borders on the oriental edge of the Andean plateau and a rough relief presents. It has wide valleys and also the continuation of the Blue Mountain chain, with few elevation(increase). Finally, a small zone of jungle goes down with areas inundables and slightly rough.
History and San Martin's geography
Túpac Yupanqui entered and subdued the Inca dominion of Moyobamba, known during that time as Muyupampa. In 1839, the Spaniard Alonso de Alvarado reached the Mayo River and founded a city to which he named as Santiago de los Valles de Moyobamba, which later became the capital of Maynas.
Priest Manuel Sobreviela became an important person to this area. Between 1787 and 1790 he traveled along the Huallaga River. Afterwards he published a map named "Planning for the Course of the Huallaga and Ucayali Rivers and for the Pampa del Sacramento". On August 19, 1821, the capital of the department, Moyobamba, was the first Peruvian city to declare its independence. In the last few years, a new highway increased trading in this area, therefore benefiting the economy of this department.
The territory of San Martín can be divided into four zones: the western, near the eastern side of the Andean Plateau, with a rough topography and many ravines; the zone of the wide valleys, with stepped terraces formed by the Huallaga River, where the majority of the population farm and raise cattle; the southwest zone has a low elevation, where an impressive canyon known as Cajón de Sión, finishes at the Cayumba rapids; and a little low jungle zone that is prone to flooding. The climate is usually warm and humid. It usually does not rain and the nights are relatively fresh.
History and Moyobamba's geography
Moyobamba is the oldest city in the Amazon region of Peru. According to the writer Garcilaso, Túpac Yupanqui penetrated the province of Moyobamba and made it subject to Inca rule. The foundation of Moyobamba is attributed to the Spanish captain Don Juan Pérez de Guevara 25th July 1540, giving it the name “Santiago de los Ocho Valles”. There is an alternative opinion that the foundation was on 12th March 1549
The name Moyobamba derives from the Quechua word “muyupampa” which means “circular plain” – during the Conquista Moyobamba was a base from which incursions were made into the surrounding areas
On 7th June 1897, Moyobamba became the capital of the department of Loreto, and was later made the capital of the department of San Martín when it was created on 4th September 1906.
Moyobamba Site in Spanish Sitio de Moyobamba en Castellano If you understand Spanish, visit the excellent and comprehensive site by Heribert Schlebbe. You’ll find information about tourist attractions, local customs, how the Aguaruna peoples live, dictionary of local words and much more.
ATTRACTIVES IN TARAPOTO
History and Tarapoto's geography
Tarapoto, a city founded in 1782 by the Bishop of Trujillo at the time, Baltazar Martínez de Compañón, is one of the most bustling cities in the department of San Martín. Despite being a major trading hub, the city lies in the middle of an area redolent with history and extraordinary natural beauty
Visitors who explore the areas around the city will soon discover how many waterfalls there are in the region. In fact, Tarapoto has been dubbed the 'Land of Waterfalls' due to the abundance of falls, some of which are the finest to be found in the country. The best example is Ahuashiyacu, a 35-meter waterfall located 14 km northwest of the town. The falls, which mean 'the laughing waters', form a pool which is ideal for a refreshing swim in the balmy tropical climate.
Another waterfall which should not be missed is that of Huacamaíllo, considered the most striking example to be found in the region. To get there, visitors will need to set out on a two-hour stroll from the town of San Antonio de Cumbaza (18 km north of Tarapoto). This tour is ideal for those avid for contact with nature, as hikers will be able to spot different bird and butterfly species native to the area.
The Tununtunumba waterfalls ('from fall to fall' in the Quechua language) are formed by three consecutive falls which flow into a crystal-clear pool which is ideal for swimming. The site is reached by an hour-and-a-half walk from the village of Chazuta (42 km east), a hike through impressive landscapes which will give one the chance to skirt the Huallaga River and walk through steamy jungle.
Lake Venecia lies closest to Tarapoto (5 km away) and is ideal for fishing, swimming or boatrides. Lake Sauce, also called Laguna Azul, is another spot which is good for swimming and taking in natural landscapes. It is San Martín's foremost tourist attraction, not just for its beauty but also the fact here one can unwind or practice watersports.
Before returning, don't forget to visit the neighboring town of Lamas (21 km to the northwest), possibly the only town in the Amazon jungle that was not built on the banks of a river. The music, art and dances of these Quechua-speakers (although Quechua here has often blended with jungle dialects) has made this town the folk art capital of the Upper Amazon.
For history buffs, just 8.5 km from the city one will find the Polish rock carvings (the name means 'bare plain', so-called because of the area where they are found). These bas-relief carvings depict figures of plants and animals, particularly snakes. Archaeologists are still unsure of when the carvings were made.
The high jungle plateau, where Tarapoto and environs are located, hide amongst its leafy woods another gift of nature: more than 2,500 orchid species have been found, orchids held by many to be the most beautiful flowers on Earth. Tarapoto is a land where the enchantment of its landscape is reflected in its limpid waters, unique in Peru.
Province of Moyobamba
Botanical garden of San Francisco
One is located in the District of Lluyllucucha; using a deep precipice that exists in the place, one took advantage of to turn it Botanical Garden.
The Thermal Baths of San Mateo
To 4 km to city of Moyobamba (5 minutes in car). The Thermal Baths of Moyobamba, are attractive a tourist one that is near the city. Located in the environs of the hill San Mateo, of whose depths the hot medicinal waters are born. Next to other attractiveness of crystalline waters they form this attractive bath that altogether constitute the "Thermal Baths of San Mateo" of Moyobamba.
To the environs of the city of Moyobamba they are the calls ENDS that serve as viewpoints and from where can be appreciated the crossed serpenteante of the river May. At all of them one arrives with enough facility crossing the streets from the city.
To 20 km from Moyobamba to the Mouth of Huacayán (río Mayo port) by hard road (40 minutes in car). Located in the Moyobamba, it bathes an extensive area of aguajales and renacales of 3.479,73 hectares. The Avisado river constitutes a humid in high forest, unique ecosystem in the world by its altitude 860 msnm with a typical amphibious vegetation. Habitat of birds, native monkeys, butterflies, otters, fish, etc.
The Nose of Road
On the extensive and colorful plain of the valley of the High May, to 14 km of distance of good looking and imposing Moyobamba, yergue, as jealous guardian of his towns, a stony elevation, a giant and solitary mass, a species of constituted natural tower to a large extent by dense vegetation, it is the millenarian Nose of Road.
Cascade of Paccha
One is to two hours of Moyobamba is arrived through a hard road. Port of Tahuishco. - One is to borders from the river May to 15 minutes of downtown of Moyobamba. Sundays cnvierte in an agricultural product fair.
Province of Rioja
Cave The Diamonds
To 58 km the northeast of city Rioja (40 minutes in car). Near the locality of Naranjos. Its name must to the presence of estalagmitas and stalactites of much brightness, resemblance to diamonds.
The East of the River Ti'o Yacu
Located in the locality from Second Jerusalem to 15 minutes of the city of Rioja soon to make a long walk of 15 minutes forest inside the river Ti'o Yacu is born from the base of the mountain. It is of waters you cold, of greenish and crystalline color. In their route small cascades can be appreciated surrounded by a vast vegetation. He is also showy to be able to appreciate natural Reserves of the Romero river and the Negro river.
40 km from Tarapoto, Sauce district (about 2 ½ h by car). Crossing the Huallaga river at Puerto Lopez, a beautiful mirror lake covers 350 hectares, surrounded by lush vegetation on the shores of the picturesque town of Sauce.
A 750 ha ecological reserve located within the domain of the Kanchiskucha Indians, 40 km from Tarapoto on the road that leads to the famous Laguna Azul.
Baths of Paucaryacu
To 35 km of Tarapoto (1 hours and 30 minutes). Three pozas of sulfurosas waters, salty and I warm up with temperatures of 25º (77ºF), 36º (97ºF) and 45º (113ºF) in average, to that medicinal properties are attributed.
Archaeological ruins situated 8,5 km from Tarapoto, with inscriptions of animal and plant figures.
15 km from the town of Tarapoto, Banda district (about 30 minutes by car). A beautiful spot with lush vegetation and a main pool formed by an impressively beautiful waterfall.
Thermal Bath of Cacique de Kanchiskucha
To 15 km of Tarapoto (30 minutes in car). This set of pozas natural served, according to the legend, so that the caciques of the zone enjoyed the place his doncellas.
To 30 km of Tarapoto (1 hour). This set of six pozas of crystalline water with different waterfalls of up to 30 meters of height is surrounded by one thick vegetation that serves from habitat a great amount of birds.
Carpishoyaku waterfalls and Thermal Bath of San Jose
In the small village of San jOse km 36 of the Tarapoto-Yurimaguas highway. Leafy hot water vegetation and abundant spurts surround poza that forms the cataract.
Funeral ballot boxes of of Chazuta
To 52 km of the city of Tarapoto (1 hour and 30 minutes). During recent excavations there were 65 findings between which they emphasize 25 funeral ballot boxes, constituted by vasijas within which they were momias. Also were tools and offerings. Some of the ballot boxes in center are and Artisan Wasichay and others in different districts from the town Cultural.
Located to 1 hour of Chazuta, to 45 km of Tarapoto it allows a refrescante bath in the middle of the thickness of the forest.
To 21 km of Tarapoto (40 minutes) and one long walk of 40 minutes. The long walk is made through one thick vegetation up to one poza of crystalline waters and one great rock by which the cataract runs. In the way a great amount of birds can be observed.
Province of Tocache
The locality of Tocache, capital of the province of he himself name, is located to 432 km to the south of the city of Tarapoto, to 12 hours by the Highway Fernando Belaunde Terry.
Petroglifos de Shunté
Petroglifos de joint East Shunte of stone engravings this scattered between km 20 and km 45 of the highway that unites the city of Tocache with the Town of Shunte. The route of all the zone takes near 1 hour and average. The petroglifos estan conformed by a total of 23 stones to drawn anthropomorphous and zoomorfos symbols in the surface in low relief.
San Juan waterfalls
To 16 km of the locality of Tocache These cataracts estan conformed by six waterfalls to cold and natural crystalline water wells. The vegetation that surrounds them is completely virgin and the place is habitat of numerous species of orquideas.
Province of Lamas
Town of Lamas
Located 21 km from Tarapoto, is one of the oldest cities of the Peruvian jungle, it was founded in 1 656 and it is known as the three floors city. Wayku District. A native community of the Chankas tribe of great anthropological importance
Lamas Ethnic Museum
22 km, from Tarapoto (about 30 minutes by road). The native community in this area has preserved intact a wide variety of ancestral rituals, despite the passage of time
Located 2.5 km from Lamas, this is a singularly beautiful waterfall. It has 4 meters of height and one poza of 2.5 meters of depth.
25 km to the south of Moyobamba (30 minutes in car) until the Ahuarpia Small village and from this point a long walk of 1 km begins (20 minutes). Located in hills of the Ahuarpia town, the waters of these cataracts come from the gorge of Plantanayacu and have a fall of 10 to 12 meters of height.
Province of Mariscal Caceres
Del Breo Waterfalls
Located in the district of Juanjuí. Impressive waterfalls that flow through a stone ring.
Situated in the San Martín department. Access to this area is difficult, expeditions visiting the constructions usually travel through the department of La Libertad. This complex contains circular buildings made of slate slabs decorated with figures of flying condors.