History & Geography
The department of Tacna, conformante of the region of western valleys of the Andean area centrosur, demonstrates a quite early cultural continuity that goes back to thousand years of antiquity. The archaeological investigations made in the zone verified civilization in the lítico period. To this time they belong the cave of Toquepala (7.630 years a.C.). and the shelter of Caru (6.240 years a.C.). Other sites like the Complex Girata, Mullini and Queñavichinca exist, whose studies not yet have concluded.
The first groups of Spaniards arrived at the region in 1535 and were conformed by members of the expedition of I reddle, organized to conquer Chile. During this time Villa of San Pedro of Tacna denominates itself to him. In 1615 and 1784, Tacna supported the violence of earthquakes, many populations were reduced to ruins, being rebuilt by the inhabitants who decided to remain in the place.
Tacna occupies a place of privilege in develops emancipadora then from 1810, taking advantage of its proximity with Argentina, that already had been emancipated, the patriotic villagers do not let conspire. The first libertario shout was sent in 1811 by Francisco Antonio de Zela. Once obtained the independence of Peru, its patriotism is recognized elevating it the category of Villa in 1823 and the 26 of May of 1828 President Jose of the Sea promulgates the law granted by the Congress and he confers the title to him of "Heroic City".
During the War with Chile, their inhabitants were located in the first positions of defense, ofrendando their lives by the defense of the Peruvian ground. The 26 of May of 1880, after the battle of the "Stop of the Alliance", the Chilean army occupies the city, remaining during almost 5 decades. In spite of the passed time, its population maintains in stop the national spirit and manages to reincorporar itself to Peru in 1929.
Province of Tacna
Cathedral of the City of Tacna
In front of the Civic Center, Seat of Arms. Its construction began in 1875 in charge of the French company/signature Alexander Gustavo Eiffel. The architectonic design Renaissance neon was shaped with extracted stones of the hills Intiorko and Arunta. The work became paralyzed, among other reasons, by the War of the Pacific (1879) and the Chilean occupation. It was culminated formally in 1954.
Located in the Civic Center Designed by the escultor D'Len Hard of the English smelting Simpson, has 6 meters of height and it is made up of several sources. On a granite base a first escultórico group of classic style rises that symbolizes the four stations of the year and on the greater source, of 6 meters of diameter, another set that represents four taken naked children of the hand.
House of Zela
Lived Francisco Antonio de Zela, important precursor of Peruvian independence There. At the moment, the Hall has mounted in this one Archaeological Museum, in which, pieces of ceramics, textiles, works in wood and metal, devices of fishing and pre-Hispanic basketwork are exhibited. The building is considered National Historical Monument from 1961.
Calderón Passage of the Boat s/n in front of the Square Mac Lean was constructed in 1870 by engineer Spanish Constantino Martinez of the Pine and inaugurated years later by president Jose Antonio de Pezet. The building of two floors, shines a facade done completely of stonecutting stone. In their main room valuable pictures can be appreciated that portray to illustrious tacneños like the poet Federico Barreto, the painter Francisco Bow and the Modest historian Molina.
In the old railway station Tacna-Arica. The place is particularly attractive because it is conserved almost intact, with many elements of second half of century XIX, time at which it was constructed. The sample provides to the traveller an idea of the historical process of the railroad.
Park of the Locomotive
Was built to lodge to the Locomotive centennial Nº3 that lead the Peruvian troops to defend the Nose of Arica during the War with Chile (1879). During the Chilean occupation, the locomotive continued uniting Tacna with Arica. In 1940 I let work, was repaired in 1977 to transfer it to the park.
In downtown to a block of the ex- Municipal Palace. It was founded on 1957. In the place the branch of the National Institute of Culture works.
Located in the Civic Center Has 18 meters of height. It was raised in honor to the heroes of the War of the Pacific like Admiral Miguel Grau and Colonel Francisco Bolognesi. Its construction was done in stone of stonecutting of rosaceous color.
Bolognesi tree-lined avenue
Located to two cdras. of the Civic Center Is one of the concurred streets more of the city. Under the tree-lined avenue it runs, perfectly canalized, the Caplina river.
In this house signed the Act of Delivery from Tacna to Peru the 28 of August of 1929. It lodges to the Museum of the Restoration, the Departmental Pinacoteca of Tacna and Historical Archives.
Monument and Museum of High Site of the Alliance
To 8 km to the north of the city of Tacna (10 minutes in car approximately) Made in tribute the combatants of Batalla of the Stop of the Alliance (War with Chile, 26 of May of 1880). The Museum of Site presents/displays arms of the time, guns, sabers, uniforms in full dress, letters, documents and a scale model of the confrontation. They are located to the northwest of the Intiorko Hill, in the place that was the battlefield.
Town of Pocollay (613 masl)
To 5 km to the northwest of the city of Tacna (10 minutes in car approximately) the town characterizes by its excellent climate and beautiful countryside. There are diverse traditional, perfect restaurants to taste typical plates of the region.
Thermal baths of Hot
To 22.8 km to the east of the city of Tacna (25 minutes in car approximately) Located to borders of the Caplina river, 1400 msnm. They are known by his therapeutic properties for the neuroartríticas diseases and of the skin. The temperature of these waters oscillates between 36ºC (96,8ºF) and 39ºC (102,2ºF).
Petroglifos of San Francisco de Miculla
To 22 km to the northeast of the city of Tacna (30 minutes in car approximately) is surrounded by an impressive combined desert landscape with small hills and under the trusteeship of the hills Wawapas and Miculla. The studies consider that its antiquity varies from the time of the Tiahuanaco culture (500 d.C.) until years 1100 -1445 d.C. km2 approximately covers an extension with 20 and calcáreas rocks or silica were made with red pátina on. The scenes include drawings of human beings hunting, dancing or facing; animals like tarucas, pumas, suris, serpents, small lizards, foxes, among others; local plants and fruits; representations of constellations and images not yet defined. In the environs some typical animals of the region like foxes can be observed, small lizards, serpents, eagles and some birds, as well as exemplary of the local flora, molles, jaros, chilcas, chieñes and cactus.
Bath Mouth of the River
To 50.5 km to the southwest of the city of Tacna (35 minutes in car approximately) Located in the mouth of the Sama river. Its beach is considered of the best ones of Tacna, is wide and flat with little deep waters.
Los Palos Beach
To 41 km to city of Tacna (20 minutes in car). It is an opened beach, of low surge and very calm waters. It is equipped with services of lodging (bungalows) and of feeding.
Province of Jorge Basadre
Valley of Locumba
Located to 85 kilometers of Tacna, in the province of Jorge Basadre. Considered a valley outside famous Andean Inter that by its wines and piscos of excellent quality. In the city of Locumba, capital of the province, is the Sanctuary of Mr. de Locumba, also called "Gentleman of the Burned Feet".
Church of the Locumba Gentleman
Also denominated like Church of the Gentleman of the Burned Feet, its construction is of noble material. The temple is of modern style consists of a lateral ship and a central ship with vault of average tube; the main facade is located towards the seat and the frontal towards a flank. The Greater Altar with applies balustrades to of marble counts on a plated imposing Cross in silver, where is the Christ Crucificado, image that has made of this one district the most important place of the zone, due to its festividad that is celebrated the 14 of September of every year, and that congregates great amount of national and international visitors.
The Cave of Toquepala
Located to 160 kilometers of Tacna. Place where are cave paintings whose antiquity dates from 7500 a.C. The scenes represent as the hunters form a circle around the prey.
The cave was discovered by the Archaeologist Miomir Bojovich in December of 1960; he is forado in an arenaceous rock formation, like product of the erosion, with 10 mts. of length, 5 of wide by 3 of stop. The cave paintings have been drawn up to the water and of fine brush, using mainly the dark and the green colors and yellow red color, its preparation took control on the basis of mixed mineral fat pigments. Auquénidos scenes of hunting appear of.
Province of Tarata
Church of San Benedicto
One of the religious celebrations of greater fervor and tradition in Tarata, established from 1613, she is the one of San Benedicto, pattern of city, that of year in year is celebrated with great catholic unction.
Town of Tarata (3070 masl)
To 80 km to the northwest of the city of Tacna (3 hours in car approximately) There can be appreciated andenería of origin preInca and be enjoyed a wonderful landscape.
Andenerias de Tarata
To 15 km of the town of Tarata (30 minutes in car approximately) Covers 3 465, 67 hectares. It continues being used for the culture of maize and Pope. The terraces are irrigated with water of springs and brooks taken from the heads of Andean valleys.
Petroglifos of Anajiri
At 4 km of Tarata, it is arrived following the pack animal road that begins to the side of the main highway that leads to Tarata. In the route isolated terraces with Petroglifos are observed; being considered in but of one hundred the Petroglifos existing.
The thematic one is of naturalistic character and is constituted by men with cephalic hairdos, generally front with the pens and opened arms, circumstantially meandricos, are dancing, playing musical, harassing or taking camelidaes, carrying baleadoras, lances or arc and arrow. The human figures are full of life, although sometimes they are of aesthetic value and without style, but generally in movement, except for those outlined next to the anthropomorphous representations are the zoomorfas constituted by camelidaes, birds of prey flying; also, geometric designs.
Thermal Sources of Putina - Ticaco
One is to 12 km of Tarata, the Thermal Source is to km of the district of Ticaco, it is acceded through a wagon dirt road trail, and 300 a peatonal footpath of mts. The water arises in the middle of a diorítica rock, in the right margin of the broken COJIBAYA, the water is transparent, does not dismiss sensible scent, its temperature in the spring is of 49ºC. Existen 5 2,35 closed atmospheres of m2, where they are located pozas that occupy all the internal area, his walls are had with mayólica to a height of 1,30 ms.
Province of Candarave
Town of Candarave (3415 masl)
To 164 km to the northeast of the city of Tacna (5 hours in car approximately) Its name of origin aymara means "Place of Cóndores". It is located in a esplanade to the bottom of a great depression. The foot of Yuracmani volcano, the fields of alfalfa culture and the stables of the cattle can be observed. The tranquillity and the pretty landscape make of Candarave a propitious place for the rest.
Thermal Sources of hot
To 16 km to city of Candarave (2 hours 30 minutes in car). The zone is compound of several points by where thermal water flows arise with a temperature that, in most of the cases, exceeds East 86º C. process originates great vaporization in the zone, exist around 85 to geiser that they make it only in the South part of the country. In this place two sources of 37º C and 40º C appear that is used with the purpose of treating diseases like arthritis and reumatismo. The waters of this source end to the Calientes river, of there their name.
Lagoon of Suches o Huaytire Yuracmani
Located 35 kilometers from Candarave. There a center for the raising of trouts has been constructed. In the lagoon and its environs birds can be observed like garzas, guallatas, kivis y patillos.
To 322 km to city of Tacna (3 hours in car). It is the most important lagoon of Tacna. It is located to 2, 800 m.s.n.m, has 8 km in length, by 1 km wide, and presents/displays a capacity of regulation that oscillates between 80 million and 280 million of m3. In its Maxima capacity of represamiento, the water mirror reaches a surface of 1.440 km2. Their tributary main ones are the Salado river and the Callazas river. The lagoon has become an ecosystem that serves as support a great variety of fauna. Between the birds that predominate it can mention to the patillos and the guallatas. Also, a great amount of trouts of the variety exists Rainbow, which have adapted very well to this means.