The Spaniards founded the city of Puno in 1668. It is a city rich in local mestizo art, the fusion of native and Spanish styles in its colonial balconies, weavings and pottery. However, a greater attraction lies a bare 10 blocks from the main square: Lake Titicaca, which covers an area of 8,560 square kilometers and which local fishermen row across on rafts made from totora, a type of reed that grows along the shore. There are also motorboats for hire for visitors.
The lake is also dotted with dozens of islands, each of them with their own characteristics and peculiarities. The floating islands of the Uros, whose inhabitants descend from one of the oldest known tribes in the Americas, feature typical native huts made from reeds. The inhabitants of Taquile island, meanwhile, still use traditional weaving techniques that tourists can learn if they decide to stay the night there and accept the traditional hospitality of the locals. In other cities around the department like Pucara, stand out for their superb pottery, while visitors can explore the chullpa stone burial towers at Sillustani, built by the Tiahuanaco culture. The area is also famous for its traditional festivals such as the Virgen de la Candelaria and dances like the Diablada, celebrated in February, an ideal time to visit the area. An unforgettable experience
Province of Puno
Located in front of the Main Square, finished in 1756. Temple of a single nave with the shape of a Latin cross. Its main facade is carved in granite with rich ornamentation, with great influence of indigenous builders, outstanding San Marcos's and San Mateo sculptures.
The balcony of the Count of Lemos
Located in the corners of the streets Count of Lemos and Deustua, beautiful Colonial balcony on the house of the Count of Lemos.
Municipal Museum Dreyer
Exhibition of collections of pre-Inca pieces, Incan and Colonial. Located in Conde de Lemos Street No. 289.
Built in homage to the Peruvian patriots combatants of the Junin and Ayacucho battles, made in figured stone and with arbors and amphitheater.
The mirador of the hill Huajsapata
Located in the west area of the city on a high and natural place of privileged panoramic view of the city of Puno and the Titicaca Lake. In the summit is found the statue of the Inca Manco Capac.
The House of the Corregidor
Is a virtual space for all type of cultural artistic expression of Puno. It aims to fortify the cultural identity of the vast Peruvian high plateau that maintains millenarian cultures, alive until today.
Viewpoint Kuntur Wasi
In the high part of the South zone the west of the city is a center of really impressive landscaping perception. From this viewpoint a panoramic Vista of the city and the lake can be appreciated. The visitor can accede to this site privileged by a highway or take the 620 launching slips that arrive at the base from the monument built in honor to the Andean bird. The condor made in metal has a spread of 11 meters and it is to 3990 meters of height.
Viewpoint Puma Uta
Located in the zone of Puno Stop, in the North entrance of the city, this viewpoint, allegory of puma, it represents the vigilant and protective sentry of the lacustrine city. The Titicaca, that means "Puma de Piedra", has here its imposing image raised on a water source that represents the sacred lake. This viewpoint offers to the visitors a different Vista on the city and leaves from the internal bay of the lake.
Located to 3815 meters of east height artificial dock it allows the visitors to have a Vista on the bay of Puno walking throughout a kilometer to the same border of the Titicaca lake. This place I locked up a lagoon of 20 hectares where tourist and residents can dedicate themselves to the nautical sports. The water spurts that arise from the lagoon allow to their oxigenacihus preventing all type of contamination allowing the proliferation of aquatic spices.
Nacitonal Reserve of Titicaca
Unit for the conservation and protecting of the flora, fauna and scenic beauty of the Titicaca Lake. Also to maintain the cultural traditions from the surrounding populations of the lake and those related with the rational use of the resources; intangible area. The reserve is divided in two sectors, one located on the Chucuito bay (Puno sector) and the other to the north, denominated Ramis in the province of Huancane. The Titicaca Lake harbors numerous species of flora, birds, fish and amphibians, some of them unique in their specie.
The Titicaca Lake
It is located on the Collao plateau. Constitutes the highest navigable lake in the world, 3,812 meters above sea level. It possesses an extension of 8,300 square/km, of which 4,966 square/km corresponds to Peru and 3,334 square/km to Bolivia. It measures 195 kms. length and 65 kms. width and it reaches until 304 m. depth. It presents numerous geographical accidents, 36 islands, some of those inhabited and with archaeological remains.
The south part denominated "Huiñaimarca" is separated from the lake by the "Estrecho de Tiquina" (Strait of Tiquina). It receives the waters of all rivers of the Collao plateau. The biggest quantity of water is received from rains, and it reaches difference of levels up to 2 m. The waters of the lake discharge by the Desagüadero River, but mostly it loses its waters because of the evaporation (95%). The average temperature of its waters is from 9°C to 12°C (48.2°F to 53.6 °F).
The Uros Islands
One of the most primitive pre-Inca people of Peru. Of ferocious and brutal people's origin, the Inca who considered them as a sub human tribe subjected them. This ethnos lived in a perfect symbiosis with the Titicaca and they lived exclusively in artificial islands that they knitted on the not very deep waters of the lake. As pure race it was extinguished almost 50 years ago, today their descendants are the miscegenation Uro Aymara; they speak the Aymara, and conserve many of their ancestral customs.
Dedicated to the fishing, from crafts knitted in totora, also to the sowing of some tubers in their own islands, and to the elaboration of crafts. When walking on these islands you should have the caution of not stepping their peculiar gardens, because it is possible to have a bath, that bothers its inhabitants.
To visit the islands of the Uros, you should take a craft from the port of Puno, minimum advisable time 4 hours. These crafts carry out a ride by the diverse islands and disembark in some of them to visit their inhabitants and learn something about their life style.
Located on the Titicaca Lake, it possesses 15 square/km of area and 3,663 inhabitants (1988). Its population is Aimara and is dedicated basically to the agriculture concentrated on the town of Amantani. The ancestral customs of their residents, the way of life and landscapes, will make your visit full of exciting moments. The same as in Taquile, it is their inhabitants' habit to offer their housing and food to the visitors that want to spend the night. The handmade works carried out in textile; ceramic and furrier are magnificent.
The island is located at 40 km. (24.85 miles) approximately of the port of Puno, from where you should take a craft to visit the island.
Located on the Titicaca Lake, it possesses 5.72 square/km of fertile lands on which inhabit some 300 Quechua families that live keeping their ancestral customs. The men are devoted to the agriculture and the fishing, and the women to the weaving. The landscapes and customs of its residents life cause an impressive effect. The special and beautiful cloth that they wear, are product of their textile art, as old as the same history. The manifestations of religious and folkloric habits have a great scenario in Taquile. The family in its group carries out practically all the activities.
The island is located at 35 km. (21.74 miles) approximately of the port of Puno, from where you will take a craft to visit the island.
Town located on the banks of Titicaca Lake, at 20 km. (12.4 miles) southwest of Puno. During the Colony it was the headquarters of the "Cajas Reales" (Real Cash Desk). Among their religious temples outstands the Asuncion's church (1601) located in the Main Square, of facade richly ornamented. Fish station for the upbringing of trout that were introduced in the Titicaca Lake. This area was the old capital of the pre-Inca town of the aymaras Lupacas. Outside is located the altar of Inca Uyo, dedicated to the cult of the fertility.
Archaeological rest of Uyo Inca
Located to 18 kilometers of Puno. Also known like the "Temple the Fertility". The construction with worked stones of walls is characterized of almost two meters of height. According to some investigators, one would be a very important ceremonial center.
Archaeological complex of Cutimbo
Located to the height of kilometer 22 of the highway Puno - Moquegua. Pre-Hispanic cemetery that belonged to the señorios of the Lupacas and the Collas. Tracks of the time of the Inca exist; in addition to ruprestes paintings of 8000 years of antiquity.
Complex Arqueological of Sillustani
Located at 18.7 miles (30 km) N of Puno, on the highway Puno - Juliaca, on a deviation to the west. Archaeological pre-Inca complex, construction of big "chullpas" (Andean monument) with square or round shape, of stone and adobe. Sillustani is characterized to have the most perfect chullpas in the whole Peru; they have cylindrical shape that can reach up to 12 m of height, made in granite with varied internal distribution. In all the chullpas mummified cadavers have been found. Sillustani is located beside the Umayo Lagoon, in the area recently inaugurated as ecological reservation.
To 74 km the northeast of Puno, to borders of the Titicaca lake (2 hours in car). Native community on the Capachica Peninsula near the shores of Lake Titicaca). We stay the night, and have a chance to experience life in this remote location, where we sleep in rustic houses and meet people who can foretell the future by reading coca leaves.
Buque Museo Yaravi
In 1861, the Peruvian Government of Ramon Castilla, ordered two small cargo-passenger "gunboats" for Lake Titicaca. Already enjoying the wealth from the guano industry on the coast, the Government looked to exploit the natural iresources of the southern highlands or altiplano region around Lake Titicaca. Here lay the potential for trading Peruvian cooper, silver, minerals and wool and timber and riches of the rainforest with manufactured goods from Europe.
At first work was slow due in part to Peru's political instability and economic decline but in 1990 a change of government brought with it a rapid turnaround in the country's fortunes. Since then we have been able to make steady progress on the YAVARI due entirely to the many friends, sponsors and volunteers she has attracted. Today the YAVARI is open to the public as a Museum and Bar. Entrance is free but donations are very gratefully received. Guided Tours in English or Spanish (other languages
Province of Chucuito
To 79 km to south of Puno (1 hours and 20 minutes in car). Located at 80 km. (49.7 miles) southwest of Puno. Capital city of the Chucuito province, of Spanish foundation and called the "Aimara Rome" due to the quantity and beauty of its churches. Juli was the main mission center of the Jesuits' during the Colony, for the conquest and during the evangelism of Paraguay, the land of the Mojos, Argentina and Bolivia.
The city is located on the banks of Titicaca Lake, wool commercial center. Outstanding the churches of "San Juan El Bautista" (1590), "San Pedro Martir", "Santa Cruz", and "Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion" (1620), with beautiful paintings of the "Escuela Cusqueña" and Italian Styles.
Located at 108 km. (67.1 miles) southwest of Puno, the city is located on the banks of Titicaca Lake, in the gulf of Pomata. Of Spanish foundation, it harbors beautiful churches outstanding among those "Nuestra Señora del Rosario" and "Santiago Apostol" (XVII century).
Province of Lampa
Located at 115 km. (71.45 miles) north of Puno, outstanding Santiago Apostle's church with beautiful facade like an altarpiece and in its interior is harbored a replica of the sculpture of Miguel Angel "La Piedad". It is the best replica in the world, and it was studied by the investigators and restorers of the original one when it was damaged some years ago for its restoration.
Located in the county of Lampa at 46.6 miles (875 km) N of Puno. Archaeological complex belonging to the Pucara culture that had its acme between the 550 and 350 BC. Here remains of a great military religious center and a citadel are located, built in stone and adobe. Temple, mortuary cameras, sculptures of human and animal figure, trails and sculpted pottery. Here it had been located ceramic that is characterized to have wide openings and vases with base. Near this complex is located the town in which the famous "Pucara's bulls" are marketed, typical handmade pieces of ceramic of this area.
Archaeological Complex of Kalasaya
To 1 km of Pucara (5 minutes in car). Archaeological Complex of Kalasaya, constituted monumental set at least of 6 nuclei constructed in piramidal form, was the ceremonial center of the Pukara culture (300 a.c.).
Province of Moho
The mould province is located to 3835msnm has a surface of extension of 941.000 Km2, is located in the northeast part of the titicaca lake of the department of puno conformed by four districts that are: mould, conima, tilali and huayrapata.
Town Cambria and Suasi Island (3810 masl)
The remote Suasi Island is to 80km of Puno in boat and 150km of way in bus via Cambria. She is this by many well-known island is not that Martha Giraldo has constructed a beautiful hotel whose Andean surroundings have decided to protect like natural reserve to offer to the traveller an authentic interaction with the flora, fauna and the Andean culture. Plants and trees in extinction danger are protected in a breeding ground of the island. Vicunas, flames and alpacas pastan free by the island the hotel has been constructed respecting the medio.ambiente: ceilings covered with ichu (straw) Andean, energia is obtained through solar paddles. The footpaths of the island offer wonderful views to him of the islands Grove, Taquile und Amantani. To take a walk, to fish, to row, are only some of the activities that can be made in Suasi.
Province of San Antonio of Putina
Thermal baths of Putina
To 137 km to the north of the city of Puno (2 hours, 10 minutes in car approximately) until the locality of Putin The waters of these baths reach a temperature average of 39ºC (102,2ºF), has a high percentage of sodico chloride, magnesium and zinc. The villagers consider ideals for the treatment of rheumatic and dermicas diseases.
Province of Yunguyo
Archipelago of Wiñaymarca - Anapia island
To 128 km to Puno (2 hours and 30 minutes in car) it is arrived until the locality of Yunguyo from where it is continued in car to the port Beautiful End (30 minutes). From this port to the Anapia island there are 18 km (2 hours and 30 minutes in boat to motor).
Formed by eight islands and two small barren islands of varied forms and sizes, located in the Lake Wiñaymarca or Smaller Lake , in the zone of the Titicaca, at which it is possible to be arrived crossing the Straits from Tiquina. They emphasize this set of islands by its extraordinary beauty and climatic variety, which is propitious for the diversity of flora and native fauna.
These beautiful islands are to different heights, occupying an extension of 18 kilometers. Between the islands we can mention to Iscaya, Llote, Kaana, Pataguata, Anapia, Suana, being Yupisque the one of more altitude (3910 msnm) and Kaaño the one of smaller altitude (3826 msnm). Huatakaaño and Huatasuana conform small barren islands of the archipelago both.
Province of Melgar
Distrito de Ayaviri
A 137 kms de Puno (2 horas y 45 minutos en auto). Ayaviri is one of the districts of the provinces of Melgar, Department of Puno, nailed of the region of mountain range of South mountain range of the Plateau, in the southwestern part of the province of Melgar, conformed by inhabitants of net quechua and Castilian speech.
In our district the famous and medicinal thermal waters of the Poqpoquella exist of which Raimondi wise person and the Dr Felipe Urquieta made the analysis physical - chemical respective, stating their sulfurosa, iodized composition, bicarbonated, ferruginous and clorurada very indicated for the cure of the reumatismo and affections to the skin; this thermal waters are located to the skirts of the Kolqueparque hill, since also there are water emanations in the cerrito of Antaymarca with the same characteristics.