What today comoMadre is known God comprised of the old Incaico Empire, in the well-known region like Antihis. Nevertheless, little it is what it is known of its formation with exactitude. Inclusively, some chronicles of the Garcilaso Inca of the Fertile valley referred this region have been questioned by their contradictory data. Nevertheless, the historians agree that the conquest of this region was difficult for the Incas, because they had to face seasoned and expert tribes of the zone that different conquering armies decimated.
During the Colony expeditions with tragic results for the adventurers were made, who died at hands of the different tribes. Just in 1567, at the control of 250 men, Juan Alvarez Maldonado enough fence to which arrived today she is Mother of God. Later, in 1861, colonel Faustino Maldonado crossed in his real magnitude lhasta to arrive at the limit with Brazil. The 26 of December of 1912 the department of Mother of God with its capital Port was created Maldonado.
History and Puerto Maldonado's geography
It is said that the Amazon forest is the only place that gives one the sensation of witnessing the dawn of time. Thousands of visitors are drawn to the diversity of the area's forests and rivers, arriving in the city of Puerto Maldonado, the capital of the department of Madre de Dios, ready to set out on a journey filled with excitement and discovery.
Founded July 10, 1902, the city was named after explorer Faustino Maldonado, who paddled up the Madre de Dios River to the point where it comes together with the Tambopata River. Puerto Maldonado is the gateway to three national parks in the Peruvian Amazon featuring an extraordinary diversity of wild species of flora and fauna: the Manu, Bahuaja-Sonene and Tambopata-Candamo
The Manu National Park is the largest protected natural area of its kind in Peru. Spreading across the departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios, the park covers the entire Manu River watershed.
A boatride down the Tambopata or Madre de Dios Rivers takes one to the Bahuaja-Sonene (Tambopata-Heath) National Park, while the Heath River leads to the Pampas del Heath, a unique savanna area wedged in the heart of Peru's tropical rainforest and a haven for unique animal species.
The Tambopata River leads to the Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone, which is famous for featuring the greatest diversity of species of mammals, trees, insects and birds on Earth.
Festivals in Madre de Dios, such as San Juan in June or Tourism and Ecological Week are good reasons to taste regional dishes and take a refreshing dip in Lake Sandoval or go fishing on Lake Valencia, while visitors can spot countless species of plants, fish and fauna in general.
Province of Tambopata
Colpa of guacamayos of Colorado
To 150 km of the city of port Maldonado (8 hours in boat) one is in the national reserve of tambopata, to the left margin of the tambopata river. it is recognized to him as colpa greater of amazonía Peruvian goes there, all the mornings, five species of guacamayos, parrots and pericos. the birds revolotean before pecking the clay of the precipice and after 25 to 30 minutes, they go away to return occasionally to the following day, also go sachavacas, ronsocos and squirrels: in the glasses of the trees several species of monkeys like the boundary can be seen monkey, capuchino, titi and occasionally, maquisapas. the scientists explain that this behavior must that the clay them aid to resist toxins of the fruits without maturing on which they feed themselves.
To 5 km of the city of port Maldonado (40 minutes in boat), from 3 km are due here to cross from the border of the river to the lake (1 hour, 30 minutes on foot) it is located in the right margin of the God river mother has 3 km in length approximately, 1 km wide and one variable depth that goes from 0.50 cm to 3 meters waters of the sandoval lake, with a temperature average of 26ºc (78,8ºf), has a great ictiológica wealth. in the environs they emphasize extensive aguajales, is to say a marshy zone in which the rising tide grows tree of the place along with other exotic trees between the exotic surrounding flora are observed orquídeas, platanillos, ungurahuis, lupunas, mahoganies and palms mauritias of 30 meters of stop. in this surroundings they inhabit a great variety of birds between which are wild ducks, toucans, guacamayos and a colorful species of wild hen with moño of pens in the called head "hoacín" or "shansho". in addition there are tapires, turtles, otters or "wolves of river" and diverse species of lizards, like the black lizard.
To 60 km of the city of port Maldonado (4 hours in boat) located towards the right margin of the God river mother, it is a place privileged in trees and fish their dimensions reach 15 in length 800 one depth and, km meters wide that go of 0.50 cm to the 15 meters. this surrounded by trees like pumaquiro, quinilla, the cedar, lupuna, the palmito and the chestnut between the fauna honor the mount turkeys, turtles, lizards, monkeys, ducks, among others. the wealth of its waters allows the native huarayos and to a group of colonos seated in the proximities, to dedicate itself to the fishing of doncellas, palometas, golden, pirañas and paiches, these last ones, they are not a native species, they were introduced in the lake another important economic activity in the zone is the harvesting of chestnuts.
National Park Bahuaja
Sonene to 90 km of the city of port Maldonado (5 hours in boat) one settled down to protect the only existing tropical humid savannah in Peru. the national park bahuaja sonene is located between the departments of mother of God and puno, in the provinces of tambopata, carabaya and sandia. it has an extension of 1 091 416 hectares and continues towards the republic of Bolivia between the most important animals of the zone honor the wolf of horsehair, the red deer of marshes, the giant anteater, the wolf of river or giant otter, the mount dog, the black lizard and the eagle harpía.
National Reserve of Tambopata
To 37 km of the city of port Maldonado (2 hours, 30 minutes in car double traction approx.) until the hell community, from 18 km are crossed here to the reserve (4 hours on foot). the other form to arrive is crossing 45 km from the city of port Maldonado (2 hours in boat) the reserve, located between the river basins of the tambopata river and the river heath, has an extension of 1 073 998.25 hectares that, like the national park bahuaja - sonene, includes territory of the department of God mother and of the department puno. this reserve is a treasure in which it talks about biological diversity, there have registered 575 species of birds, 1200 of butterflies, 103 of libélulas, 135 of arboreal ants and 103 of mammals. its vegetation is representative of the tropical flora for the entrance is needed the previous authorization of the INRENA.
Province of Manu
National Park of Manu
280 km are crossed from the city of cusco by the highway cusco-paucartambo (12 hours in car double traction approx), is arrived to the locality of watchtower, from there continuous by river to the mouth locality manu (12 hours in boat), to enter again by the God river mother to the park also is possible to arrive at the locality from mouth manu in small plane from the city of cusco (30 minutes) from follows the described route there previously.
She is located in the departments of cusco and God mother, has an extension of 1 532 806 hectares (the totality of the river basin of the river manu). the national park of manu, along with the reserved zone and the cultural zone of manu constitute the call biosphere reserve of manu, recognized by UNESCO in 1987 like natural patrimony of the humanity.
The visits are not allowed, nevertheless, the visitors can accede to several shelters authorized in adjacent the reserved zone and the cultural zone to the park. in this park great diversity of species has been registered animals: more than 800 species of birds like the eagle harpía, jabiru, ganso selvático, the gallito of rocks and the pink spatula: 200 species of mammals like the common monkey choro, maquisapa black, the wolf of river, the jaguar, tigrillo, the bear of eyeglasses, taruca and more than 100 species of bats.
In manu, trees can be seen that exceed the 45 meters of height and 3 meters of diameter, the most characteristic species: the cetico, runs into it, the cedar, the screw, lupuna white and the bush wood. the national park of manu is inhabited at the present time by 30 communities amazonian farmers of language quechua, and several native populations like machiguenga, amahuaca, yaminahua, piro, amarakaeri, huashipari and nahua.
Province of Tahuamanu
To 3 hours in car of Puerto Maldonado, by the highway transoceánica. The way towards this place is rich in natural landscapes. by the highway In the city it emphasizes the design of the seat of arms.