Altitude: 106 meters
Climate: Average annual temperature: 26.3° (Maximum 36° and minimum 17° C). The rain season runs from November to April. Access: There are daily flights from Lima which take around an hour and 45 minutes. There are also connecting flights with Tarapoto and Caballococha. One can also reach this department by river from the port of Puerto La Hoyada in Pucallpa (2.5 km from the city). Boats sail down the Ucayali River to Iquitos stopping at the ports of Requena and Contamana. The duration of the voyage depends on the type of river craft. Small but fast launches take 2-3 days depending on the river current. Trips in the La Chata, a large, slow boat, can take 4-7 days, and also depends on the river current.
History and Iquito's geography
Iquitos, capital of the department of Loreto, is Peru's main port along the Amazon River. Founded in 1757, the city began to boom from 1880 onwards as a result of the rubber tapping industry. One can still see signs of that economic bonanza in buildings such as the old Hotel Palace, built in Art Nouveau style with materials brought from Europe, and Casa de Fierro, designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel. These constructions contrast with the rustic homes that line the Belén quarter, where all constructions rest on pilings due to the fact the river rises several meters during the rain season. A boatride along the major rivers and lakes around Iquitos is particularly bewitching for visitors. Native tribes mainly live along the banks of the Amazon, Napo, Ucayali, Marañón and Nanay Rivers.
The most popular beaches are Tunchi Playa, on Lake Quistococha, and Santa Clara and Santo Tomás along the Nanay River, which are ideal for water sports. Some 150 km from Iquitos lies the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, the largest reserve in Peru, the second-largest in the Amazon Basin and the fourth-largest in South America. The area is home to an astonishing biodiversity of fauna and flora.
The Festival of San Juan in June is an ideal time to taste the local cooking at some of the many good restaurants in the city, as well as to buy superb quality arts and crafts and take in the joyful music of the people of Iquitos.
Province of Maynas
Matriz of Iquitos Church
The church was constructed between 1911 and 1924, to the neogothic style. Father Abencio Villarejo was in charge of his restoration between 1944 and 1949. Its structure of a single ship maintains the details of the European model, with a púlpito carved in wood alongside straight. An interesting detail is the Swiss clock that settled in 1925 and whose well-taken care of it was into the hands of Mr. Manuel Pinedo.
The Iron House
It is the first "prefabricated" house that arrived at Peru and it is between the streets Putumayo and Tarapacá. Designed by Gustavo Eiffel, the same constructor of the famous tower of Paris, it arrived at Iquitos in 1895, after being acquired by Roof rack Ten, a rubber millionaire.
The Palace Ex-Hotel
Building of constructed morisco style between 1908 and 1912. It is a sample of the waste and splendor that brought the "boom" from the rubber to this region of the Amazonía
The Municipal Museum and the Amazonian Library
In these places history will be able to be known the Amazonía. The Museum, counts on one varied sample of the selvática fauna and on pieces of crafts of the different native cultures. The Library, one of most important in Latin America with regard to the Amazonía, counts on hemeroteca, pinacoteca and 132 sculptures that show the indumentarias of the selváticas tribes.
The Grau Levee
In the limit of the city, it is the perfect watchtower to observe the Amazon river. In the levee, the houses are embellished with brought tiles of Europe, during the splendor of the rubber.
The Bethlehem District
It is known like Peruvian Venice, because the houses, that have wood supports, rise on the volume of the Amazon river. Modest district, crossed by canoes and of a particular selvático look, constitutes an unforgettable stamp for the visitor.
Boulevart Tarapaca Levee
Located in the limit from the city to borders of the river Amazon and Itaya. It dates from the time of the height of the rubber. In its route it offers an attractive panoramic Vista of the Amazon river, of the Itaya river and the floating district of Bethlehem.
Port and District of Belen
Located in the left margin of the Itaya river, affluent from the Amazon to the Southeastern of the city of Iquitos. The settlers have constructed to their houses on wood piles or rafts. At time of swelling of the river they accede to them by means of stairs. They dedicate themselves specially to the fishing, to take a walk in boat to the tourists by the Itaya river and the Amazon river and to the typical product commerce of the Region. The river is its more important mass media, using boats or canoes. The market, to 200 meters of the port, is the center of commercialization of brought typical products of the shores and, by the same, a site very concurred.
Touristy complex of Quistococha
Located Natural Touristy park to 13 kilometers of Iquitos , around the Quistococha lagoon (Christ of the Lagoon). In the complex a zoological one with near thousand native animals of the zone exists. The lagoon has 56 hectares and counts on an artificial beach, cabins and restaurants.
12.1 kilometers from the airport and 30 minutes approx. by car. You can find the Almendra Harbor Forestall Research and Investigation Center. There are also the Arboretum El Huayo Botanical Gardens. You can visit these ecological and recreatioanl areas, go for walks and even visit a villager's farm.
12 kilometers from the airport. The lake is located on the right border of the Nanay River, where a beautiful view is appreciated. It is also possible to swim and go canoeing.
16 km to the south of the Mapacocha Lake in the Nanay River. Its inhabitants live from fishing and making handicrafts. The waters are calm and people often swim, ski, and canoe here.
On the Nanay River's shore, 12 km away from Iquitos. Its beaches and white sand are formed in the ebb tide times and its natural landscapes are its main attractions.
3.8 kilometers from the airport and 15 minutes away by car to the southwest of Iquitos. The lake has very calm waters what makes fishing possible.
Saint John the Baptist Handicraft Market
located at Av. Quiñones Km. 4 San Juan. The entrance is level and there is a ramp with a smooth slope between the parking lot and the sale stands. All the market has flat paths with enough room for a person in a wheelchair, so you can go all over the place without help. Although the men’s public restroom complies with the measurements of ADA for wheelchair maneuver, the door is not wide enough (26.91 inches /0.69 m wide). This market is recommended if you want to buy regional crafts.
3.5 kilometers away from Iquitos and 20 minutes in motocar. It is possible to hire boats to ride on the river and to visit nearby hamlets like Padre Concha and San Andrés.
To 20 minutes Of the la located of Bellavista in boat to motor. located 5 km northwest of Iquitos In the left margin of the Nanay river. Lived by the ethnic group Cocama Cocamilla, community of craftsmen who dedicate themselves mainly to the pottery.
Granja de Mariposas Pilpintuwasi
A 15 minutos a pie desde Padre Cocha. Visitas: Ma-D: 9-17:00. Última visita guiada del día a las 16:00 horas. Palabra quechua que significa “Casa de las Mariposas”. Alberga más de 40 variedades de mariposas exóticas en un hermoso hábitat rodeado de caídas de agua y flores tropicales. Se puede visitar el lugar y observar el interesante proceso de la reproducción de mariposas, además de plantas medicinales y ornamentales, así como diversas aves y especies de monos, un tapir, un oso hormiguero y un otorongo.
Boras of San Andrés
Starting off from the port of Bellavista Nanay in speedboat, through the river Momón Nanay-river (20 minutes). A orillas del río Momón. visit the community of San Andrés where native the Bora us will make contributor of their dances, traditions, customs as well as of its artisan works.
Province of Requena
To 157 km approx. of Iquitos in the confluence of the rivers Tapiche and Ucayali. Capital of the Province of the same name, which was put in tribute to the Crnel. Ing. Francisco Requena, who outside a Spanish military outstanding. Requena radiated culture and education to all the zone. The church Cathedral of the city was constructed under the direction of the first Vicar Luis Stream. Account with basic services to take care of the tourists. In order to visit Requena it must embark in the Motor-ships of load and passengers who leave the city of Iquitos every day.
The Lake Wasp
The lake Wasp is a water mirror with an extension of 6 approximately Has and a depth of 5 meters, is affluent of the Tapiche river and it is characterized to have causes irregular of meándrica nature, in where its dark and calm water of color circulates moderately. It is the lake next to the city of capital Requena of the Province of Ucayali, being a place frequently visited by the local population to develop aquatic sports like swimming, canotaje, fishes sport, specially. The forest that surrounds it is populated by a variety of maderables species, showing a wonderful panorama of great landscaping values.
Province of the Alto Amazonas
To 388,5 km approx. to the southwest of Iquitos by waterway (74 hours 3d/2n). Located to borders of the Huallaga river, between Shanusi and the Paranapura. It has beautiful landscapes. was designated Capital of the Province of Amazon Stop the 14 of November of 1890, created the 07 of February of 1866. Its name must to the tribes "the Yuris" and "Omaguas" who, joining form them the Yurimaguas word. City of satately bearing and releases well-known historical tradition with the name of "Per it of the Huallaga", that offers to the visitor a splendid landscape. The tourist week is celebrated from the 5 to the 15 of August of every year, having like pattern the Virgin of Snows. From this place interesting places can be visited as they are the beautiful beaches in the environs (time of vaciante) the gorge of the Shanusi river.
To 545 km approx. to the southwest of the city of Iquitos (13 hours 30 minutes in speedboat) Located in the river basin of the Pastaza river, affluent of east the Marañón. river lake is considered the greater one of the Peruvian Amazonía, with a perimeter of 75 km and one depth of 10 meters, presenting/displaying numerous islands that an optimal navigation allows. Their broken waters come from the Chapuli and Chuinda, such that are connected with the Pastaza river through the channel of Rimachi, to about 50 km of their opening in the Marañón
Province of Ucayali
The city of Contamana, located to borders of the Ucayali river, is constituted like the more important intermediate port of the economic runner Pucallpa - Iquitos. In Contamana it will be possible to be enjoyed the only thermal water of the country that has not been altered by the hand of the man and who is united to a cold water gorge, forming a singular atmosphere in his sort, surrounded by a flora and impressive fauna and an amazonian mountain range.
El Mirador del Barrio de Jerusalén
Este cerro de unos 30 m de altura desciende hasta las orillas del río Ucayali, ubicado en el sur de Contamana, y forma parte del sistema de la Cordillera Azul.
Desde el lugar es posible observar bellos amaneceres y atardeceres y paisajes que forman parte de un rico ecosistema de flora y fauna.
One is located to 22 km, of the city of Contamana, District of Contamana, Province of Ucayalí. One arrives by long walks, motorized vehicles (Light trucks, motorcycles. Motocarros and others), horses. The sulfurosas thermal waters that emanate of the subsoil, well-known also like "Hot Waters", appear like an exceptional place for the establishment of a complex or resort of luxury in which the supply of relajante and medicinal treatment of its waters with the spectacular beauty of the hill landscape would be united covered with virgin forests and brooks with beautiful cascades. To 45 minutes of thermal waters one is located the "Colpa de Guacamayos", place where they come together to first hours of the day, hundreds of these showy birds to take rich water in salts, which turns it another incomparable attractive tourist one.
Lago Chia Tipishca
One is located in the jurisdiction of the district of Contamana, Province of Ucayalí, to a distance of 15 minutes in speedboat cross a river Ucayalí. The means of how to arrive at the Touristy center is made in small boats cross a river Ucayalí or by ways where can journey motorized vehicles (motorcycles, motocarros and others), whose distance is of 10 km throughout the lake. It has optimal tourist conditions to make sport of fishing, swimming, motonáutica. Throughout the Lake are 05 native communities of the Shipiba Ethnic group. They have crafts in ceramics and textilería, excelling his embroidered fabrics.
Province of Ramon Castilla
To 311 km of Iquitos, is a town in the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru, located on the Amazon river and right across the river from Colombia.
A 6 km al sur de Caballococha y a 3 horas de las fronteras con Colombia y Brasil. En época de vaciante se accede a pie desde Caballococha; en época de creciente se accede a la laguna solo por vía fluvial.
Este lago es un afluente del río Amazonas, donde se puede hacer canotaje, excursiones, pescar o nadar. Sus aguas, relativamente oscuras y de hasta 8 m de profundidad, son ricas en diversas especies como el bufeo gris y colorado, el sábalo, el boquichico y la yulilla. En sus orillas vive la comunidad nativa de Cushillococha, de 1700 habitantes de la etnia Ticuna, que se dedican a actividades de subsistencia en agricultura, caza, recolección y pesca; son también hábiles artesanos y fabrican productos de fibra de chambira, hamacas y jicras, especies de bolsas tejidas de fibra de chambira.
Ubicada a orillas del río Ampiyacu, a unos 500 metros de la desembocadura del río Amazonas. Fue fundada en 1735, inicialmente a orillas del río Sisita, para luego trasladarse donde se encuentra actualmente. En la ciudad puede visitarse la “Casa del Arte”, una galería que contiene, entre otras, las obras del pintor tumbesino Francisco Grippa, que muestran costumbres propias de la Amazonía. Desde la casa pueden observarse la localidad, los ríos Ampiyacu y Amazonas, el bosque amazónico y bellos amaneceres y atardeceres tropicales. A 500 metros de la plaza principal se encuentra un manantial llamado “El Chorro”, donde el pueblo se provee de agua para desarrollar sus actividades de subsistencia; y dice la tradición que “quien bebe de sus aguas se queda en Pevas”. Desde Pevas se pueden realizar recorridos turísticos a lo largo del río Ampiyacu y visitar las comunidades nativas de pobladores yaguas, boras, huitotos y ocainas, que han conservado su folclore y costumbres y que son hábiles en la elaboración de tejidos con fibras vegetales (jicras, hamacas), remos y cestas. También es posible realizar en la zona caminatas para observar la flora y fauna amazónica y llegar hasta la desembocadura del río Sisita.
Province of Loreto
A 115 km de Iquitos (vía fluvial), se encuentra ubicada en la margen izquierda del río Marañón, a unas siete millas de su confluencia con el río Ucayali. Fundada en 1830, es uno de los centros poblados más antiguos de nuestra Amazonía. Debido a su estratégica ubicación como punto de enlace de los ríos Marañón y Ucayali (el panorama de la unión de estos dos ríos es impresionante), fue cobrando importancia y se constituyó en el centro principal de intercambio comercial y de comunicaciones. Cuenta con servicios básicos para atender a los turistas.
And l great Amazon river , whose borders the city rises, is greater the attractiveness of Iquitos. Perhaps place does not exist in all Peru that offers to the visitor a similar Vista to which it offers the Tarapacá Levee, that in fact is one old house of mosaics. The same city shines in its wide streets the finery that left the times of bonanza, generated by the rubber, barbasco and the wood of rose. In 1,880 the progress of lquitos with the boom of the rubber began. Still they are left in the city samples of that time of waste, like the Portuguese paving stones and mosaics that many houses shine.
The shred Lima, main artery of the city, is full of commercial bullicio and houses. Like this route, other many streets iquiteñas count on markets and bazaars that offer from precious artificial flowers elaborated with vegetal pastes to primorosas bags woven and movable of cedar or mahogany.
Reserva Nacional Pacaya Samiria
Located in the department of Loreto, Pacaya-Samiria covers an area of 2,080,000 hectares, and is the largest national reserve in the country. Considered the jewel of Peru's northern Amazon jungle, Pacaya-Samiria is home to an abundant and varied wildlife, particularly the myriad fish species, the main source of protein in the region. The countless lakes, swamps and water holes are a refuge for 130 types of mammal, 330 bird species and an as-yet unknown number of reptile and amphibian species.
Some of the attractions of the area include the huge river turtles, the manatee and the pink river dolphin, the giant river otter, the black cayman and the paiche -the largest freshwater fish species on Earth- all of which are endangered species.