The cuatros “his” were: “Chichaisuyo”, integrated by the north of Peru and Ecuador; “Collasuyo” that included Lago Titicaca, Bolivia, Chile and part of Argentina; “Antihis”, formed by the Eastern Amazonia; “Contisuyo”, region the west of Cusco.
Agriculture was the foundation of the Empire. All became jumbled in the Earth work, until the emperor, whom at the beginning of seedtime, it plowed of symbolic way with a gold plow. The great agricultural production allowed the members of the empire, to orient the work towards several works, like the creation of ways that are conserved until today, of which the “Way of the Inca” stands out and the construction of complex constructions with great stone blocks. The ruins of Machu Picchu, allow to become aware from the power of this empire.
The Lost city of the Incas, Machu Picchu, with no doubt the symbol of the Inca civilization. The royal path that carried pilgrims and authorized officers of the empire to the sacred city was "The Inca Trail" as we know it now.
The way along this Andean path is a fascinating and unforgettable experience. The Inca Trail is paved with blocks of stone and has stone stairways, tunnels and wooden bridges and paths across rivers, streams, beautiful valleys, warm cloud forests and cold highlands. All this vision makes the visitor meditate about the intellectual and grandeur of the Andean man whose highest achievement was the Inca civilization.
The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is part of an Inca roads system of more than 30,000 kilometers that integrated the vast empire of Tahuantinsuyo from southern Colombia to central Chile passing through the cities of Quito, Ecuador; Cajamarca, Huanuco, Jauja, Huamanga, and Cusco in Peru; La Paz and Cochabamba in Bolivia; Salta and Tucuman in Argentina. There roads ran mainly along the coast and mountain regions and in some cases they also reached the tropical mountains in the Amazon forest as is he case with the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
Over this website, you will find information about our Itineraries and travel tours, Useful information for the trip, and the most complete Photo gallery sorted day by day.
The Way Inca begins 82 kilometers of the city of the Cusco way to Machu Picchu and the passage is of 42 kilometers.
The climate is varied throughout the way. During the day usually he is sunny, dry in both first days and humid in the third and quarter. At night, both first campings usually are cold, but the third camping is tempered. The time of rains begins November by the end of and lasts until March. Although this adds a greater difficulty to the long walk, also is certain that the landscapes see beneficiaries in rains.
The scenes and landscapes also change throughout the long walk. In both first days the landscape is of the Andean type with presence of escarped mountains, snowed, forests and brooks. However, in the third day the vegetation is more tropical more resembling itself a tropical forest. Throughout the way it is possible to see flames, picaflores, hawks, small lizards and in some occasions deer.
The ways varied in quality and size, so is so in the plains and mountainous areas they can be of six to eight meters wide; whereas in mountains the pavements of great stone blocks divided equally the meter of wide, but they were much more bold and they overcame the aggressiveness of the steep Andean land.
The Way Inca in the section that is known commonly between km 88 of the railway line Machupicchu, concentrates 90% of trekking or long walks which they are made in the Cusco, nevertheless, are not the only route, exist others of a duration of one or more days to surrounding places of the valley, that cross the Andean ways and colorful landscapes of the zone.
Several kilometers of old footpaths exist, one of them is in the Cusco-Abancay route to 3 km of the city of Arc. Another one near the population of Qhorqa exists, approximately to 20 km to the west of the Cusco. In the route to Juch `uy Qosqo, in the province of Granary, appears another way Inca.
Many of these ways have been constructed with as much perfection, that until the present time, continue being used without greater modifications.
Nowadays tens of thousands of tourists arrive annually at the Cusco with the only purpose of crossing so commented Way Inca. The experience is so fascinating that its fame has given the return to the world. The wealth of the flora and fauna; the variety of landscapes from a passage on the four thousand meters of height, to ways surrounded by the leafiest selvatica vegetation, surpasses the expectations. The people arrive from all parts of the world to personally know and to experience the way that the majestic Incas crossed more ago than five hundred years.
The ways of the Inca or Able Đan, were without doubt, one of the wonders of the Tahuantinsuyo, in agreement with the Peruvian historian Jose Antonio of the Bust. It explains the following thing to us: “The monarch who increased the road network more was Able Huayna, that constructed and improved the many routes of its Empire. One makes sure that he made it to mobilize quickly to his army and power to squash thus to anyone of the great rebellions that arose during their government”. To this they had the 16 thousand kilometers of ways that were completed under their reign.
The incaicos ways were constructed by men on foot, who when they required it used the flames, although were a little heavy. Most of these ways were useless for the Spaniards, since the horses fell in the stairs and they were berthed. Wheelbarrows and floats never could circulate that way.
The Peruvian historian Jose Antonio of the Bust maintains that, the Incas made the ways for the rapidity of the people and the agility of his beasts of burden, and is for that reason that was made in line straight generally, with short perrons, inclined planes and until non-return flow wind tunnels on alive rock.
The Spanish conquerors when they arrived at the Cusco were astonished at the perfection and the finished one at the ways.
Several cronistas give testimony of the beauty of these ways, until Hernando Pizarro, one of the first conquerors in arriving at the Cusco, could not hide their astonishment in a letter who express the following thing:
“The way of the mountain range is thing to see, because in so fragosa earth truth, in the cristiandad so beautiful ways have not been seen, everything most of the road. All the streams have wood or stone bridges. In a so great river that he was very mighty, that we happened twice, we found network bridges, that is wonderful thing to see”.
The Hispanic cronista Agustin de Zarate in its work “History of the Discovery and Conquest of Peru”, wrote:
“When Able Huayna went from Cuzco to Quito, that are five hundred leguas of distance, it commanded to make a way by all the mountain range in the mountain range, very wide and very level, breaking and equaling the rocks where was necessary, equaling and raising to the rubblework gorges of, as much that some times raised the work from fifteen or twenty states of depth, and thus lasts east way by five hundred space leguas”.
The Way Inca still exists and was discovered by Hiram Bingham when it made the works of cleaning between 1.913 and 1,915.
What it is known as Way Inca is a small section within which it was the communications network Incas constructed by all the territory. This section receives a singular importance since it unites different sites between Ollantaytambo and Machupicchu, where can be noticed the variety of architectonic resources that give rationality, importance and because not to say it mystical to the old Imperial Way.
The Mistery of Routhe
The route of the wonderful and centennial Way Inca, in the section commonly known in the present time, overcomes us to the mysterious and enigmatic Incaica civilization, doing to us to live the fascinating adventure to walk during four days by the beautiful, spectacular and true incaico way. Paved with stones in his totality it presents/displays stairs and tunnels that cross the heights of the valley of the Urubamba.
Most of the way winds among humid forests of mountains with scent to good earth. By the passage we will see surely vizcachas, sometimes the foxes and the fabulous condores, and other species of birds.
It is necessary to clarify that the caravans organize themselves according to the number of tourists, and by each tourist two porteadores go: one takes foods programmed for four days that the passage lasts and the other shipper carries carps, bags to sleep and the clothes that the tourist will need for the varied ecological floors the Way Inca.
The porteadores receive a reasonable sum by their services and generally they are of the communities farmers of Willoq and Patankancha, located in the high parts of the district of Ollantaytambo, community that still conserves many customs Incas. These native ones generally dress typical suits that make the attraction and the delight of the tourists.
One has considered which, as alternative to the use of porteadores, flames could be used, those that transports up to 30 kilos of weight, since in few parts of the world they are continued using people for the load transport.
Equipament necessary to the make excurtion
• It is necessary to take minimum two dumb ones of winter clothes, in addition short and poles to short sleeve to use during the day. For the nights a cap or chullo is necessary, scarf, averages, gloves, chompa and a heavy dress coat of pen or similar of weight medium, as well as impermeable in case that it rains.
• Shoes with coconut candy or boots of trekking and wool averages.
• A small knapsack, a stock market to sleep, a long cushion and a knapsack or great handbag for the personal equipment. In case that the route is made independently, it is necessary a carp.
• Purifying water Canteen, tablets, lantern, phosphorus and bags to take sweepings.
• Lenses of sun, hat, solar, repelente protector for mosquitos, personal medicine kit, clothes of bath and equipment of cleanliness.
We Recommend you to
• Use boots during treks and sneakers during long walks.
• Drinking lots of liquids on long excursions, specially during the Inca Trail
• Always taking an umbrella or rainwear.
What to Bring
• Hiking boots, sneakers and shoes.
• Long pants or slacks
• Long-sleeved shirts.
• Sweaters and a jacket.
• Rain wear.
• Insect Repellent and sun block.
• Personal toilet items.
• First Aid kit (bandaids, cotton, bandages, alcohol, aspirin, tablets for stomach troubles, medicines to avoid altitude sickness).
• Flashlight and knife.
• Wash kit, water bottle and water purifying tablets.
• A light backpack.
• A change of underwear.
• Gloves, scarf, wool socks and a hat or cap.
• A towel and toilet paper.
• Dried fruits, candies and chocolates.
The tap water in most of Peru is potable, but the chemical content varies from place to place. To avoid problems, we recommend that you always drink bottled water.
Because you are visiting Andean areas, don't forget to take precautions to avoid altitude sickness if you are prone to it. Be sure to try a hot tea or an infusion of coca leaves on arrival at altitude. During your first day move slowly and eat lightly, resting the first couple of hours.
Cusco City: 3,360 m.a.s.l.
Machu Picchu: 2,400 m.a.s.l.
Urubamba Valley: 2,850 m.a.s.l.
Inca Trail highest point: 4,200 m.a.s.l.
Restaurants during your trip
In Cusco: International, vegetarian and local food restaurants.
In Aguas Calientes: International and local food restaurants
The Inca Trail is part of the Machu Picchu Sanctuary, a protected area of 32,592 hectares, managed by the National Institute of Natural Resources, INRENA. Every visitor must obey park regulations prohibiting littering, cutting or damaging trees, removing or damaging stones of ruins and the Trail, removing plants, killing animals, lighting open fires or camping in the archeological sites (Only authorized campsites can be used).
¿What do I need for the Inca Trail?
1 To do the Inca trail you require the services of a travel agency authorize by the Machupicchu's unit of documentation that is the entity that administrates and controls the access to the Inca Trail and gives the permissions to the agencies that follow the statements of the management of the Inca Trail.or ask about the services of an oficial guide with title in tourism which ones must be totally registrated in the (UGM).
2 The agency in their prices includes the payment for the access for the Inca Trail and it also includes the access to the historical sanctuary of Machupicchu
¿Requetements for students?.
The main requirement is to have an ISIC's carnet that gives a 50% dicount in all the tourists tickets.
¿Why is necessary to count with an agency for the Inca Trail?
The (UGM) that is the entity that administrates the Inca Trail, establishes in its new rules that is an indispensable requirement to do the Inca Trail to hire the services of a guide or a travel agency authorized by the UGM, this rule was gives with the objective to keep save the historical patrimony and ecosistem of the Inca Trail. The rules of the UGM also says That in the Inca Trail cannot be for than 500 persons per day and the minimum trekking must be do in two days.
The entrance cost of the Inca Trail
Km. 82 (Piscacucho)
Km. 88 (Qoriwayrachina)
Km. 82 (Piscacucho)
Km. 88 (Qoriwayrachina)
Km. 104 (Chachabamba) Wi˝aywayna
Km. 104 (Chachabamba)
Km. 88 (Qoriwayrachina)
* Prices do not include agency and guide services.
* Prices could be changed.
Regulation of the visit
You must count with the following points:
* Always have the visitor ticket.
* Guide yourself in the established way.
* Don't camp inside of the enclosures.
* Don't contaminate the enviroment.
* Fireplaces are forbidden.
* Don't damage the flora and the fauna.
* Don't trow garbage on the way,keep it..
* Dig holes is serius crime.
• The best time to cross the Way Inca is of May to October. The rest of the year is minor affluence of tourists because the climate is very humid, cold and rains constantly. Some parts of the way become very slippery and dangerous.
• It is necessary the acclimatization in the Cusco and the environs, one or two days before initiating the route. For a good acclimatization it is precise to rest all possible the first day, to eat little and to drink abundant liquid, specially kills of cocaine, that has well-known curativas and digestive properties. A suitable acclimatization avoids that it altitude sickness affects the “altitude sickness” or, that could cause numerous annoyances to the health.
• He is recommendable to take a good lemon caramel provision, because it resists the dehydration and the annoyances by the height.
• Most of tourists who make the Way of the Inca, they make through a travel agency or company of tourism of adventure. These companies offer all the necessary comforts for the expedition, cook, porteadores and guides professional.
• It is prohibited to encamp inside archaeological monuments.
• Most of the route is very safe, but for that reason it does not have to take it to the light one. In some sections there are deep precipices, if it wants to observe something, hagalo after stopping, since slightly been annoying it could encounter and fall. He is recommendable that does not leave the way, because it could be lost or hurry many meters downwards.
• One is not due to soil nor to depredate the archaeological complexes of the zone.
• He is not recommendable to take spirits.
• Bonfires are not due to ignite, specially at dry time, since these can cause a forest fire in the zone and cause much damage to the ecosystem of the place.
• Also it is prohibited the extraction, acquisition and depredation of any species of flora and/or existing fauna in the place.
Inca Trail Map
¡¡ Important !!
Reservations to the inca trail must be do it maximun 45 days in advance.
Way Inca - Center Historic and archeological
Km 82: Piscacucho: First entry point
From this moment the route known like “Way of the Inca” begins officially; we will cross the suspension bridge on the Urubamba river and will ahead have the beginning of a fascinating adventure. One hour of long walk will take to us towards the ruins of Miskay, from where the route will promote towards ciudadela of Llaqtapata with a wonderful Vista of the seeded platforms of maize and quinua. Again we will cross the suspension bridge, this time to arrive at the valley of Cusichaca and to see the spectacle of the forest of eucalyptuses.
A deflection of the route will guide us the ruins of Qoriwayrachina
Located in km 88 of the way to Quillabamba, following a route of amazing places, we arrived the ruins from Qoriwayrachina, whose main attractive it is a group of stone altars with carved images, used by the old settlers for ceremonial monks.
Patallacta (2.650 m.s.n.m.)
It gives to the welcome this important architectonic complex us, that it protects the entrance to valleys of Huayllabamba and Llullucha. Its main attractiveness is an enormous carved cylindrical well-known stone tower like Pulpitolloq that emphasizes of this impressive construction that thinks that it worked like administrative center for the Incas. While we cross this circuit we will appreciate andenerias used for agriculture, a small temple, an urban zone destined to serve as house of its settlers and an old cemetery.
Hill arrives we will cross the valley of Kusichaca, where also we will appreciate a set of andenerias finally to enter the beautiful
Valley of Huayllabamba. Valley of Huayllabamba (3.000 m.s.n.m. 1 hour 30 minutes)
It is the last center populated with the way, located in the union of the rivers Cusichaca and Llulucha. Here it will share the beauty of this town with the enchantment of his people. One will feel catched by the mystery of the ancestor Inca, encamping near his ruins.
Before starting off of Huayllabamba, it asegurese to suitably supply of foods and water, for being this one the last populated center that we will see; from this point our only company will be the nature.
In the way we will be with famous “Three Stones”. More ahead, we will encamp in the place known like Llullucha, from where we will be able to appreciate the imposing one made snow-white Huayanay.
Llullucha 3.4000 m.s.n.m.
Leaving back the snow-covered Huayanay, it costs above, we arrived at the beautiful east valley located to a considerable height, thus the climate becomes cold. Nevertheless, the landscape is amazingly beautiful to take a walk by the environs. It will be surprised that in spite of the distance, this place counts on hygienic services.
The continuous way ascending through valley of Llulucha towards the point upper of the route, to 4.200 msnm towards Warmiwa˝usca.
Warmiwa˝usca 4.200 m.s.n.m.
Whose name in quechua means “place where the woman died”, and reason not him lack because she is the point upper of our excursion. Formerly this part was preferred by retailers and smugglers, by its difficult access.
This valley has impressive places, of clear and opened sky, with a spectacular Vista from the heights, in this virgin zone where almost there is track of the no passage of the man.
From here, there is no more way than to raise, only we have left to initiate the reduction. Like prize to our effort, the way will offer beautiful views to us; we will appreciate peasants bridges, beautiful waterfalls, and other landscapes of fantasy.
Valley of Pacaymayo
Our reduction leads to us to this beautiful valley, ideal to encamp and to spend the night, after 8 hours of long walk. As if we opened a magical curtain, we will have before us a new type of vegetation, enjoying this time a cactus landscape and shrubs.
Raising through a paved way, we will visit the ruins of Runkuraqay
Runkuraqay 3.800 m.s.n.m.
Of circular structure, these impressive ruins are thought that they also served like viewpoint or like Inn, place of reservorio of foods for the occasional travellers. To this construction in whose interiors they are a considerable number of niches, also a ceremonial purpose is attributed to him.
The way continues in ascent, from where we will appreciate the spectacle of two beautiful lagoons that give the welcome us to the “passage of Runkuracay”. From it waits for an exciting reduction to us between broken abysses here and to arriving at a deflection that will lead us to the ruins of Sayaqmarca.
Sayacmarca 3.600 m.s.n.m.
Located to two hours and average of Runkuracay, in a zone difficult, this one imposing construction is very well conserved. This temple has reservorios of water and food, and observation post, reason why it thinks that it was an astronomical observatory.
Leaving this enigmatic place, ideal to meditate and to relax to us with the beauty of the Vista, waits for a new route to us of magical places of dense vegetation, where it emphasizes the Marsh of Caquiqoche. More ahead, we crossed a fantastic tunnel to arrive at the ruins of Phuyupatamarca.
Phuyupatamarca “the city on clouds”
This architectonic complex is compound of ritual platforms and baths that were used for religious ceremonies. Most surprising of this historical legacy it is that it has an ingenious hydraulic system that still continues working in spite of the centuries. These beautiful ruins are in perfect state of conservation and harmonize with the nature. From the stops we can appreciate other archaeological complexes like Sayaqmarca, Intipata, Wi˝ayhuayna, among others.
Hill down, in the crossing of two ways, we arrived at the ruins of Wi˝ayhuana
Wi˝aywayna 2.650 m.s.n.m.
Impressive complex destined to the culture of vegetal species, where 17 water sources worked. He is compound of three sectors, one with numerous terraces destined to agriculture; another one with ceremonial aims and third that served like house. Benefit in addition to the beautiful landscape of cataracts and wild orquideas that surround this spectacular complex.
After several days of arduous long walk, a deserved rest in the Lodging of Visitors, that counts on diverse services of bar, discoteca and restaurant, a little while to pass of diversion and relaxation.
Divide the dawn along with, soon to initiate the reduction between a magical forest of dense vegetation that opens to our passage with a diversity of flora and fauna, typical of forest eyebrow. Wild Orquideas wild, cats, the mysterious Bear of Eyeglasses and the popular “Gallito of Rocks”, are a sample of the many species that will have the opportunity to appreciate, and to be simultaneously appreciated you.
Also it will cross in the way other archaeological vestiges like Killipatay and Chaskapata.
We will arrive at the longed for Intipunku or “Door from the Sun”, from where we will be able to see be born the sun, and to feel the emotion to see for the first time the enigmatic ruins of Machu Picchu.
Intipunku was the front door and control to ciudadela of Machu Picchu in the old empire. When crossing that door, we will have entered to wonderful ciudadela of Machu Picchu by he himself place by where Inca was used to doing it, centuries back.
When the group of Hiram Bingham discovered Machu Picchu (old Mountain), in 1911 July, they looked for the ruins of Vilcabamba, last refuge of the Incas in fact. Bingham did not imagine that they were two, the lost cities in the forest. When it became evident that the ruins of Machu Picchu did not correspond to Vilcabamba, was born the enigma on this place.
The Spaniards never found out the existence of this city, reason why, probably, the natives of that time did not know it either. Most of the guides they affirm that this region was depopulated and left before the arrival of the conquerors perhaps by some disease. Also they conjecture around confrontations with other tribes. Nevertheless, the reason of its forgetfulness is not known.
John Hemming, shows that the place has single 200 houses, reason why the population must have been of about 1,000 inhabitants. The great amount of terraces for the culture in all the region, allows to establish that the agrarian production widely exceeded the demand of the settlers. Many archaeologists propose that the function of the city, was to provide to cocaine leaves for the priests and the royalty.
Bingham insisted with its theory of the refuge. The finding of a 75 percent of feminine skeletons suggested it city could have been a refuge for the Virgins of the Sun of Cusco, version adopted by most of the guides. This hypothesis is based single on the unearthed skulls and is very difficult to identify the sex of a human sub-group from the bones of the head, for that reason some archaeologists discard this theory.
The classifications and denominations of Bingham seem ventured for the archaeologists modern and others, too arbitrary too much cradles in little evidences. Despite all the guides, in order to orient itself, they talk about the names of Bingham, which are even accepted.
One enters the city by the House of the Caretakers of the Terraces, that marks the entrance the Agricultural Sector. The terraces finish in the Dry Pit, after which is properly the city this. If it is followed straight in line, it is arrived in the end at the sources, that, in fact are a succession of 16 small cascades. Closely together is the Temple of the Sun, a tower that has the best construction of masonry of all the city. The adjacent building was the residence of some important person, known like Palace the Princess.
Next to the Temple of the Sun, is a house that has been recovered, to him usually it is called House of the Caretaker of the Source. The structures that directly are before the Temple of the Sun, have been classified like the Real Sector.
In the highest part of the terraces tapeworm is elevated a hut, a special one to obtain a general Vista of the complex. To few meters eforma is a carved stone d peculiar, well-known like the Funeral Rock.
With the aid of the guide, in the superior part of the city, one it can discover: the Temple of the Three windows, the Main Temple and the Sacristia. Soon promoting a knoll it is arrived at most important from the sanctuaries, the Intihuana (solar clock), sculpture of unique beauty that I escape of the destruction originated by the exigency of the Spaniards of which they left his religious beliefs.
The itinerary culminates underneath the only shrub of the great seat, easy to find in any postcard of the Machu Picchu. Nevertheless, the most resistant adventurers, ascend to the Huayna Picchu, the granite tip that is to the north of the city. It is a raised way original Inca, by whom there is to walk with precaution. After one hour and to have passed through terraces gardens, he arrives himself at the top from where a spectacular Vista is contemplated.