The totality of the White Mountain range is almost part of the National Park Huascarán, created to protect the wild flora and fauna, the archaeological patrimony and the scenic beauty of the region. The city of Huaraz, shows a relatively new appearance, because it was reconstructed completely after which it devastated the 1970 earthquake. At the moment, Huaraz is the center of joint with other towns of the Alley of Huaylas, like Recuay, Carhuaz, Yungay and Caraz.
Several centuries before the Tahuantinsuyo were developed in the region important cultural centers like Chavín, Recuay and Sechín. In Ancash are remote testimonies of the presence of the Peruvian man, like in the cave of Guitarreros where the tracks of the first horticulturists of Peru have been identified (9000 a.c.). The cultures that existed in the zone were the Chavín culture, with an antiquity that dates from the 1000 a1300 a.C. and the Recuay culture (100 -600 d.C.). In the middle of century XV the region was under the dominion Inca. However, the Huaylas and Conchucos, the bigger ethnic groups of the zone, tried to conserve their identity, reason why quickly they were identified by the Spanish conquerors like groups different from the Incas. They count Hispanic chronicles, that a beautiful princess of señorío of the Huaylas, call Quispe Sisa, captivated the heart of the conqueror Francisco Pizarro, and to the baptized being as Ines Yupanqui sealed an important alliance for the Hispanic colonizadores. Towards half-full of century XVI some Spaniards they were based in the valley to take advantage of the fertility its earth. Already in the century XVII Huaraz Lucia the image of an establishment of straight streets, drawn up from the seat of arms where the greater church was located; the town hall and the jail. The settlers of the region faced in diverse occasions against I mistreat of the Spanish authorities. This same spirit of fight stayed in the wars of independence and the first years of the Republic. Archaeological Museum: Located in the Seat of Arms, it is the most important Lítico Museum of America, lodges more than 1000 pieces between monoliths and ceramios. Shred Jose Olaya: It is the only street that resisted to the 1970 earthquake, is in the District of the Solitude. Característícas of the traditional Huaraz is appraised where You will be able to taste of chicha of jora. Piscigranja: Important deposit of trouts; one is located in the borders of the Quillcay River, to few blocks of the Jr Jose Olaya. Archaeological rest of Wilcahuain: To 6 km of the city, it is a stone temple with superposed platforms, is divided in three floors, of influence WARI.
PROVINCE OF HUARAZ
Archaeological museum of Ancash
In the place it exists an important collection of stone sculptures of the Recuay culture, as well as pieces of ceramics and textiles of the cultures preíncas Chavín, White Huarás on Red, Mochica, Wari and Chimú.
Sanctuary of the Gentleman of the Solitude
Constructed after the 1970 earthquake, it keeps the image from the Gentleman of the Solitudepatrono of the city of Huaraz, whose image dates from the time of the foundation of the city, in century XVI.
Archaeological rest of Waullac
A 2 km to the east of Huaraz (5 minutes in car). Waullac is an archaeological site that dates from the time preínca and belongs to the Wari period (600 d.C). One would be a place of funeral use made up of five stone structures that resemble small niches.
Lagoon of Churup
A 28 km at the east of Huaraz (1 hour and 30 minutes in car), it is arrived until the locality of Pitec; from it is walked there by 2 hours more. The lagoon is surrounded by queñuales, quisuares and ichu. In the environs typical species of the Andean fauna like vizcachas can be observed, wild cats and diverse species of birds, like the wild ducks.
National Park Huascarán
Diverse entrances to the park exist, according to the interest of the visitors. Variants, between which they emphasize the entrance by the Llanganuco sector, where are the lagoons Chinancocha (of a beautiful turquesa color) and Orconconcha; and the entrance by the sector Carp, that allows the access to the snow-covered Pastoruri. The Park was created in 1975, with the purpose of conserving the geologic flora and the wild fauna, archaeological formation, rest and scenic beauties and was declared Natural Patrimony of the Humanity by UNESCO in 1985. Within his 340.000 havethat includes/understands everything almost the White Mountain rangea great variety of vegetal species can be appreciated altoandinas, like the Puya Raimondi in the zones of Quesque and Pumapampa (whose inflorescencia is considered greatest of the vegetal kingdom and once it blooms, it dies) and the queñuales in the lagoons of Llanganuco. Between the 296 lagoons that the park has those of Parón, Cullicocha, Llanganuco, Auquiscocha, Rajucolta, Querococha and Cuchillococha stand out. Of his 663 glaciers they emphasize the Huascarán (6768 msnm), the Huandoy (6395 msnm), the Chopicalqui (6354 msnm), the Hualcán (6122 msnm) and the Alpamayo (5947 msnm). Between the animals they honor the bear of eyeglasses, taruca and the Andean cóndor (the three species in extinction danger), puma, the deer, the Andean cat and a diversity of birds.
Rest Archeological of Willcahuain and Ichic Willcahuain
A 7 km to the northeast of Huaraz (35 minutes in car or 3 hours on foot). It is a sample of the Wari architecture, that was developed now in which we called Average Horizon (700 aC - 100 d.C). The buildings present/display a network of galleries in their interior and were used like spaces for offerings.
Province of Asuncion
Town of Chacas
A 118 km to the northeast of Huaraz (4 hours in car approx.) Located in the Zone of the Conchucos and recognized by the wood carvings that are made in the place and by the religiosidad of their people.
Sanctuary of Ashu Breast Seat of arms of Chacas
It was constructed around year 1587 and declared National Historical Monument. They emphasize its classic structure with double bell tower, its fine carved inner door and a vitral in the superior part of frontis. In the interior they are the doors, carved windows and armchairs, adorned with angels of wood and vitrales and at heart, an altarpiece of bathed baroque style in gold bread with the image of the virgin.
Museum of Chacas
Seat of arms of Chacas. Sundaysopened all the day. It presents/displays a collection of stone sculptures with a variety of figures, worked stone devices, varied ceramics, metallurgy recuay, among other findings.
Province of Bolognesi
Mountain range of the Huayhuash
Mountain range of approximately 30 km of length that is in the limit of the regions of Huánuco, Ancash and Lima and one of most spectacular mountain ranges of the $andes is considered. Six of their tips have a height superior to the 6 thousand meters. Usually one practices the andinismo in many of snow-covered his.
Town of Chiquián (3090 masl)
A 111 km of asphalted Huaraz by via until deflection a the Antamina Mine (2 hours and 30 minutes); from Lima it is traveled by the Pan-American North until km 206 (deflection in Paramonga), soon the highway to Huaraz is taken until km 122 (Populated with Conococha) finally to take the deflection to Chiquián crossing 30 km (5 a 6 hours altogether). This calm place known like "Small mirror of the Sky", extends to the right margin of the Aynín river in the high river basin of the Pativilca River. It is constituted in the door main of entrance a the Huayhuash Mountain range and to the circuit "Gold of the $andes". Between the attractiveness of the zone they emphasize the lagoon of Conococha, the snowed one of Tucu Chira, Sanctuary of the Gentleman of Camino or Conchuyacu, the cataract of Usgor (to 2 k m of the city), the San Juan Viewpoint Cross, the rest preíncas of Capillapunta and Puscanhuaru (a 10 km of the city), the colonial churches of Huasta and Aquia (a 8 km and 17 km respectively of the city), the Sanctuary of Mr. de Cayac, the rest preíncas of Pucamachay and Bethlehem de Aquia and the Puyas Raimondi in the heights of Pachapaqui (a 30 km of the city).
Province of Carhuaz
Carhuaz (2645 masl)
A 35 km to the north of Huaraz (30 minutes in car). It conserves its traditional and racially mixed air of last times. In the Seat of Arms the Sanctuary rises of the Virgin of the Mercedes, whose festividad is celebrated the 24 of September.
Thermal baths of Chancos
A 28 km the east of Huaraz (30 minutes in car), until the locality of It marked '; from they are crossed there 3.5 km until the thermal baths (15 minutes in car). Water sources that reach temperatures of even 74ºC (165ºFand they are known by his thermus-medicinal properties. In the place there are swimming pools (one for children and another one for adults), individual and familiar caves-sauna, pozas.
Province of Casma
Archaeological rest of Sechín and Museum of Site Max Uhle
A 5 km to the Southeastern of Casma (10 minutes in car). This ceremonial center of constructions of marinates and stone pertaining to the Sechín culture (1800 aC. - 800 aC) shines to the entrance a wall covered with carefully wrought stones and in the interior walls with paintings are observed murals. The museum offers information on the main Hispanic cultures that were based in the region, like the MocheWari, Chimú, Casma and Inca and also present/display the objects found in the excavations made in the archaeological sites of the valley of Casma, specially ceramios.
Bath of Turtles
It is the most attractive bath of 18 Casma and this to Kms. to the North of her. From Casma there is transport service throughout the year for the visitors. Its beach of calm waters and temperada, is an invitation to enjoy it all the year, is ideal for the rest or the marine activities, because besides to swim, can be fished, be dived and be taken a walk in boat. There the summer is enjoyed intensely and have services of sport recreation, restaurants and several lodgings.
Rest Archeological of las Aldas
It is to the height of km 345 of the North Pan-American highway and to borders of the sea, closely together of him is the Touristy Camping "the Aldas" and the creek of fishermen the Gramita. The Aldas is the other archaeological site of the province of Casma, better studied along with Sechín (Pink Fung, Japanese Expedition, Terence Grieder and others). It occupies great area, where to constructions construídas with stones and mud mortar rose, taking advantage of a rocky elevation and desert Pampas, that conserve valuable testimonies corresponding to several periods of national archaeology.
Province of Huari
Archaeological complex of Chavín
To 109 km to the south of the city of Huaraz (4 hours in car approximately) The Castle of Chavín de Huántar, as it is known him more, has an approximated antiquity of 1200 a.C. This temple preInca was discovered by Julio C. Tello in 1919, and 1985 declared Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity by UNESCO. This conformed by ceremonial enclosures that were constructed with enormous stone blocks. The Old Temple in its interior, reunites a series of underground galleries that allow to arrive until the Lanzón, an impressive stone sculpture with knife form whose size reaches the 4.6 ms of stop. The sculpture has been carved carefully with reasons for feline, bird and serpent, characteristic of the Chavín iconography. The galleries present/display to great way of ceiling slabs decorated with religious reasons.
Province of Huarmey
The Huarmey Beaches
We will follow our route by located Tuquillo about ten minutes in car the north of the city of Huarmey. When it finds the poster of the beach, between a the right, before raising a somewhat dangerous hill to cross, and to single two kilometers of the highway will find a beautiful cove almost completely closed by water rocks crystalline calm and.
This beach is in kilometer 258 and usually is a little difficult to recognize the entrance, because before arriving we cross a coil of curves through which we generally passed something fast and concentrated in the highway. One is a always calm creek, of white sand and cold sea, with imposing farallones as opposed to its coast. In this place there is no near lodging, so if it wants to remain it must be arranged to encamp in the beach.
Province of Huaylas
City of Caraz (2256 masl)
To 67 km to the north of the city of Huaraz (50 minutes in car approximately) It conserves the enchantments of the old towns of the mountain range. Their countrysides exhibit a great variety of claveles. Near Caraz is the snow-covered Alpamayo (5947 msnm), of exceptional beauty, described like "the Most beautiful Mountain of the World" in the World-wide Aid of Scenic Beauties in Munich, Germany, in 1966.
Archaeological rest of Tumshukaico
To 2 km of the city of Caraz (5 minutes in car and 20 minutes on foot approximately) Archaeological site preincaico data of the period of expansion of the Huari culture. In the place galleries are observed, wrought stone walls and towers.
Lagoon of Parón
To 32 km to the east of the city of Caraz (6 hours in car approximately) On the foot of the snow-covered Pariah, to 4185 masl, constitutes the more important sweet water tank of the Alley of Huaylas (55 million cubic meters approximately).
Canyon of the Duck
Formed by the river Santa to its passage by the Black Mountain range, it has more than 2000 meters of altitude, 15 meters wide and almost 1000 meters of depth. In the place the hydroelectric power station of the canyon of the Duck is located that supplies of electrical energy almost all to North means of Peru.
Province of Recuay
Town of Recuay. (3394 masl)
To 25 km to the south of the city of Huaraz (30 minutes in car approximately) It is known by simplicity and laboriosidad its people. In the zone the archaeological rest of Old Town are located.
Made snow-white Pastoruri
To 70 km to the south of the city of Huaraz (1 hour in car approximately) until the locality of Catac, from 35 km are crossed there more to the snowed one (2 hours 30 minutes in car approximately) Msnm reaches the 5240, its glacial base is readily accessible. The inferior limit of the ice is located to 5025 msnm. The snow-covered form leaves from the main circuits of high mountain of Huaraz, can be practiced snowboard, ski and scaling in ice.
Province of Santa
Archaeological complex of Punkuri
To 30 km of Chimbote (20 mts in car) The temple of Punkurí is the oldest testimony of the valley and the culture Recuay, that demonstrates the presence of an associated state being to the religion and which they exerted strong influence in the valley. The statue of the feline of Punkurí is signal of the strength of this theocracy.
Province of Yungay
City of Yungay. (2548 masl)
To 55 km to the north of the city of Huaraz (40 minutes in car approximately) Located on the foot of the Huascarán, completely it was reconstructed after the 1970 alluvium that buried the old city. The new dista establishment 1.5 km of the original one. Yungay is the departure point of the way towards the Lagoons of Llanganuco.
Lagoons of Llanganuco
To 25 km to the northeast of the city of Yungay (45 minutes in car approximately) Located to 3800 msnm, these lagoons are part of the National Park of the Huascarán. The lagoons are born of the descongelamiento of snowed the Huascarán, Huandoy, Pisco, Yanapaccha and Chopicalqui. The lagoon of Chinancocha or "Lagoon Female" practically is on the foot of the Huascarán, is characterized by the turquesa green color of its waters that combine perfectly with the dense forests of queñoal which they grow in his borders. The other lagoon, smaller, denominates Orconcocha or "Male Lagoon" is located at the end of the valley glacier and their waters are of celestial color
Made snow-white Huascarán
At 21 km to the Southeastern of the city of Yungay (1 hour in car approximately) it is arrived until the locality of Musho, from 35 km are crossed there to the Raimondi glacier (3 days on foot and/or in mules approximately) The Huascarán is the highest mountain of the Peru and second of America. Two points of greater altitude are distinguished, the North Huascarán (6655 msnm) and the South Huascarán (6768 msnm). The total area covered by ice is of 15.75 km2. For that they wish to arrive at the Huascarán, the Raymondi glacier is used as area of acclimatization and field bases for the scaling of the North and South tips.
Cave of the Guitarrero
Place where were evidences of one of the oldest inhabitants of Peru, the rest date from approximately does 8,000. In the interior still cave paintings done by nomadic hunters can be appreciated.
Rutas de trekking en la Cordillera Huayhuash
Vuelta a la Cordillera Huayhuaysh. Duration: 10-12 days. Distance: 180 kilometers Difficulty: moderate - high
Llamac – Jahuacocha. Duration: 2-3 days. Distance: 28 km Difficulty: moderate - high
Rutas de trekking en el Callejón de Huaylas
Llanganuco - Santa Cruz. Duration: 4-5 days. Distance: 50 km. Difficulty: facil / moderate in the steps Portachuelo (4767 masl) and Punta Unión (4750 masl).
Santa Cruz – Yaino. Duration: 6 days. Distance: 55 km. Difficulty: facil / moderate close to the step Punta Unión (4750 masl) and Alto Pucaraju (4650 masl).
Honda – Ulta. Duration: 8-9 days. Distance: 91 km. Difficulty: moderate / difficult it surrounds to the step Honda (4750 masl) and Punta Yanayacu (4850 masl). In this last one, the step can be blocked during the months of rain.
Los Cedros – Alpamayo. Duration: 8-9 days. Distance: 92 km. Difficulty: difficult in the steps Cullicocha (4850 masl) and Pillanco (4830 masl).
Perú Llama Trek This is a very short llama trek and could perfectly be done as a preparation for longer treks or climbing expeditions. This trek take us through ancient pre Inca trails surrounded by overwhelming flora and very beautiful landscapes. It requires a good physical condition