Cusco characterizes by the wealth and diversity of its traditions. They emphasize the dance of the Chunchos, the Qollas, the Cusqueño Carnival, the Dance of the Doctorcitos, the Dance of the Negritos, the Contradanza, the Saqra K'achampa, the Baker, among others.
The artisan supply in Cusco is diverse. Are weaves, images, pieces of ceramics, jewels in silver with Andean reasons and statures, among other objects. Without a doubt one of the most important districts by its artisan tradition is San Blas; there the factories of teachers can be visited as the Mendivil, Edilberto Merida, Antonio Olave and Gregorio Bejar. The wealth and variety of images include Kings Magos, Virgins, Manuelitos Children, Arcangeles, between many other pieces.
The traditional places to prove the food cusqueña are chicherias and picanterias. There typical plates can be enjoyed between which they emphasize:
Kapchi : stew or soup of habas or mushrooms with Popes, milk, eggs and cheese.
Chicharron with mote: meat of pig cooked in its own fat accompanied by mote or shelled maize.
Humita: One takes control of fresh mass, it can be sweet or salty, surrounded in maize leaves. One cooks to the steam or the furnace.
Tamale: One takes control of mass of dry maize, can be sweet or salty, surrounded in maize leaves. They cook to the steam.
Saralawa: fresh maize soup, habas, dry yellow red pepper and huacatay.
Chuño tail: soup of meat with rice, chick-peas and chuño or fecula of Pope.
I marinate: meat of pig marinated with chicha and spices, cooked to the pot. Olluco with meat: stew of ollucos and cured meat or meat of flame.
one does not forget that to visit the places of interest in the city of the Cusco it is essential to buy the Touristy Ticket. Otherwise it will have to pay to a higher price for the enter the 16 main sites of interest within the city and the environs as they are:
The Cathedral, Museum of the Municipal Palace, Museum of Site of the Qoricancha, Santa Catherine, San Blas, Regional Historical Museum, Museum of Religious Art.
Circuit Park Arqueologic of Sacsayhuaman
Sacsayhuaman, Quenqo, Tambomachay, Puca Pucara.
Circuito Valle Sagrado
Pisac, Ollantaytambo, Chinchero, Tipon y Pikillaqta.
Ch'iaraje / January 20
Province of Grey hairs, district of Yanaoca (community of Czech). Ritual fight between the settlers of the communities of Checa and Quehue, that face in a game soldier to cause the Earth fertility.
The winning community is that that occupies greater amount of land. The men, armed of slings, you whip of leather and woods, get dressed in adorned vests with flowers. The women help taking care of the horses and collecting stones, and animate to the men singing.
Luchas de Toqto / February 2
Province of Chumbivilcas, district of Livitaca (Toctopata). They are made in the denominated place Tocto, located between the districts of Yanaoca and Livitaca. They last of three days, in which the fights are evoked to take more terrain of culture. The first day the participants settle in the place, the second day individual fights begin and soon they are formed groups of five and up to ten people. After eating and drinking, faces all until the third day, during which they gather its wounded and they make qhaswa (rounds where they festejan losing and winning).
Province of Quispicanchi, district of Ocongate. Peregrination towards the top of the snow-covered Sinaqara. The way is accompanied with a procession, dances, bands, fireworks and the symbolic market of the alasitas (fair of crafts in miniature). This festividad simultaneously reunites to two traditions - Andean and catholic because msnm celebrates the appearance of the image of Christ on 750 a massive rock to 4 and the cult to the Apu Ausangate.
Mr. of Movable Torrechayoc
Province of Urubamba, district of Urubamba. The origins of this celebration go back to year 1860, when an enormous cross in the snow was placed and a mass of inauguration of a section of the highway was celebrated (Urubamba-Lares). Years later, that cross was taken to the city of Urubamba, in where it surrenders to him cultured; in addition to the mass, the cross removes in procession with all its jewels. The celebrations include fireworks, parade of dances, run of bulls and fights of roosters knife users.
Corpus Movable Christi
Province of Cusco, district of Cusco. Procesion of the images of 16 patronos saints very venerated in the city. They comprise of the processions bands and groups folkloric. The typical and classic plate of this festividad is "chiri uchu" (guinea pig roasted with cured meat, toasted maize, rocoto, sancochada hen, cheese, cochayuyo, sausage, huevera of fish, tortilla of maiz).
Inti Raymi / June 24
Province of Cusco, district of Cusco. Staging which it express the harmonious relation of the man with the God Sun, Maxima divinity of the Incas. It is made in the winter solstice. At the moment one begins in the Qoricancha and it continues towards the seat of Arms, finally to arrive at the esplanade of Saccsayhuaman.
Our Lady of the Carmen / July 16
In Paucartambo and other towns of the region one commemorates the Virgin of the Carmen, not only with a procession, but also with music and dances. The celebrations of Paucartambo, Pisaq and Huarocondo are you consider like best in demonstration the folkloric one of the region.
Quillabamba / July 25-29
Province of the Convention, district of Santa Ana. Celebration of the anniversary of the province of the Convention, whose capital is the city of Quillabamba. Every year during this week the Cafe' Young lady or Quillabamba Young lady chooses themselves to; championships of fights of roosters, competitions of motocross, as well as the Fair of Cocla are made in where a musical festival with national and international artists appears.
Pachamama Raymi or Day of the Mother Earth / August 1
Celebration in all the Cusco Region. In the date the following festivales are made: "Pachamamaraymi" (district of Ccatca), the "Wataqallariy" (district of Maras) and the Kinturaymi (district of Oropesa, town of Huasao). Andean rite in which tribute to the Pachamama (Mother Earth) in a special ceremony denominated "payment to the Earth" with offerings of cocaine leaves surrenders cultured and, chicha of jora and huayruros seeds (mystical seeds of the forest). This ritual one marks the beginning of the new Andean year.
Mr. of Huanca / September 14
Province of Granary, district of San Salvador. The history of Mr. de Huanca begins in 1675 when, according to it is said, Jesus Christ appeared in a cavern before the Indian Diego Quispe. Its alive story inspired to one of the best painters of the time to represent the image on the rock. The cult (recognized in 1779) has its central day the 14 of September and until places of Peru and Bolivia arrive there devotee from sections, to cure their afflictions of the body and soul.
Santuranticuy / Decembrer 24
Province of Cusco, district of Cusco. Feria realizada en la Plaza Mayor del Cusco, donde se reunen los artesanos para vender gran variedad de imagenes sacras, tallas en madera y ceramica para armar nacimientos navideños.
Province of Cusco
Occupies the same place that the plaza Huacaypata (Quechua language, groan, lament) that was traced by Manco Capac when founding the city of Cusco during the XII century, around it the Inca kings Pachacutec, Sinchi Roca, Viracocha, Tupac Yupanqui and Huayna Capac built their royal palaces, and the Acllahuasi (Temple of the Virgins). It was the place where the Inti Raymi took place in time of the Incas and the military celebrations after the victory in battles. Since the arrival of the Spaniards, the dimensions were diminished because of the areas around constructed that still remain such as the Cathedral, "Iglesia de la Compañia" (Church of the Company), the portals, arcades and large houses.
Catholic temple, built where the Inca Viracocha had his real palace, built in 1560 by the Spanish architect Juan Veramendi and then by master Juan Correa. It is a jewel of the colonial architecture, of Baroque style, with 10 chapels, where "El Señor de los Temblores" (The Lord of the Tremors) is venerated, patron of Cusco. The biggest altar is recovered with pure silver sheets, the choir is carved and in front of the altar there is a seat in double array that is a masterpiece in wood. Plateresque pulpit, painting collection with more than 400 canvases. The custody is an impressive goldsmith masterpiece, made of solid gold of 27.7 Kg that measures 120 cm. height, with incursions of 331 pearls, 263 diamonds, 221 emeralds, 89 amethysts, 43 topazes, 17 brilliant, 5 sapphires and 1 agate. The bell of the tower of the Gospel, called Maria Angola was fused in brass and gold, and its toll is listened up to 40 km of distance. Located in front of the Main Square.
Church of the Company
Jesuit colonial temple, built on the real palace Amarucancha of Huayna Capac in 1571, is one of the most beautiful of Cusco, it possesses a central nave with 6 lateral underground chapels, around it labyrinths and secret passages, in which remarkable characters of the conquest and Spanish colony were buried. The temple is adorned with big canvases and sculptures carved in wood. It was reconstructed in 1651; located in front of the Main Square.
Convent and Church of the Merced (1536)
It was the third founded in Peru, it is a colonial architectural monument, of beautiful golden altarpieces, plateresque pulpit and a choir that constitutes a joinery masterpiece. The temple is adorned with beautiful canvases of Escuela Cusqueña. Their most valuable treasure is the custody, of unimaginable value; goldsmith piece made of gold, weight 22 kg. and it measures 1.3 meters height, which contains 2 enormous pearls and 615 of smaller size, 1,581 diamonds, besides emeralds, rubies and topazes. In the basements of the church rest remains of the Spanish conquerors Diego de Almagro, Almagro El Mozo (Almagro the Youngster), and Gonzalo Pizarro. Located in Mantas Street, very near the Main Square.
Convent and Church of Santa Catalina
The current convent was reconstructed in 1653 and the church dates of 1669. Built where the Acllahuasi was located. It possesses a museum; located in the corner of the streets Santa Catalina Angosta and Loreto.
The Acllahuasi (Quechua house of the chosen ones) or Temple of the Virgins
Was the Inca place in which the acllas (women chosen by their lineage and beauty, offered as eternal wifes of the god Inti - the sun) lived perpetually. In this temple the Coya (queen), Ñustas (princesses) and the Inca king could only enter; between 500 and 1000 acllas lived there permanently.
Monastery San Antonio de Abad
Built in the XVII century, has a beautiful chapel with altar decorated with gold sheets, and valuable objects of colonial art. Actually a hotel is located here. Located at Palacio Street No. 136, in front of the little plaza of the Nazarenas.
Koricancha, (Quechua language, gold enclosure)
It was the main Inca temple, the Temple of Inti (the supreme god - the sun), it is a masterpiece of the Inca architecture, built in blocks of carved granite and smelted gold in the junctures of the blocks. Inside the temple existed a garden in which the trees, birds, animals, etc. were represented in gold. The temple was surrounded with a gold cornice and all the walls covered in gold plates. In the sanctuary a great disk of gold existed (Punchau) that represented Inti, the mummies of the Inca kings until Huayna Capac (12th king), they were seated on gold seats and adorned with jewels, with the expression of being alive.
Church of San Blas
Colonial Catholic temple, built in 1562, has a pulpit that constitutes a wooden carved jewel of incalculable value in which are represented saints' images and angels, Juan Tuirupata, Luis Montes and Diego of Aryan dispute the creation. Outstanding the altarpiece of the biggest altar, the paintings and canvases that adorn it.
Beautiful colonial building, in which highlights the front and balconies. Where the Museum of Religious Art is located, exhibition of religious art pieces of the colonial time. Located on Herrajes Street. Built on the real palace of the Inca Sinchi Roca. In one of the megalithic walls, in the lateral side, on Hatun Rumiyoc Street, is located the famous "stone of the 12 angles", cut and carved stone block that has 12 vertexes assembled in perfect form, not being able to enter a knife leaf among its junctures
House of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega
Headquarters of the Regional Historical Museum of Cusco since 1984, exhibition of pictorial works of the Escuela Cusqueña. Inca Garcilaso (1539-1616) was the Spanish conqueror's son Sebastian Garcilaso de la Vega and a royal Inca princess, the Palla Isabel Chimpu Ocllo. He was a columnist of the Spanish conquest, the first writer in America; author of "Comentarios Reales de los Incas" (The Real Comments of the Incas), his work is the tearing testimony, exploitation of misfortunes of his homeland, personal conflicts and the narration and exaltation of the Tahuantisuyo, and aching justification of the Spanish conquest. During his childhood he lived in this house, reliquary of the colonial beautifully restored art.
House of the Admiral (S. XVII)
It belonged to Admiral Francisco Aldrete Maldonado, old colonial house with stone facade that shows the coat-of-arms, has a very beautiful ceiling decorated with carved panels. Headquarters of the Archaeological Museum of the National University San Antonio de Abad, exhibits archaeological pieces of the Inca culture and objects and furniture of the colonial time. Located on Almirante Street Nº 103
The Four Busts
Beautiful colonial large house that belonged to the Pizarro brothers, Spanish conquerors. On its cover it shows four busts and a shield. At the moment a hotel is located here.
Monument to the Inca Pachacutec
Built in honor of one of the biggest Incas in the Tahuantisuyo, statesman and great conqueror.
Built in the last years, likeness of those that existed in the Inca City of Cusco. They are sources or spouts of water, where the water was venerated. The most important are Pumaqchupan (corner of El Sol and Tullumayo Streets), Pumacpampa (Santa Catalina Street) and San Blas's neighborhood.
Regional Historical Museum
Founded in 1984, occupies the House of the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, exhibition of pictorial works of the Escuela Cusqueña. The Inca Garcilaso (1539-1616) was son of the Spanish conqueror Sebastian Garcilaso de la Vega and a royal Inca princess, the Palla Isabel Chimpu Ocllo and lived his childhood in this house, reliquary of the colonial art, beautifully restored and declared National Monument.
Sacsayhuaman (Quechua voice Satiate hawk)
To 2 km northeast the city of Cusco (10 mts in car). Inca architectural masterpiece. Impressive megalithic ruins located in the peak of a hill that dominates the north of the city. The historians of the Spanish conquest attributed it military purposes that then became religious, and finally a place of work.
To 3 km northeast the city of Cusco (15 mts in car). Sanctuary dedicated to the adoration of animals, ruins formed by a rocky place with stairs in zigzag, it has a main building like a circular amphitheatre where 19 window sills are located as a way of seats. It is presumed that this place was an adoration place, supporting this presumption the presence of an enormous stone block of 5.9 m. height that has the appearance of a puma. There is labyrinth entrance toward underground galleries, passages, channels, and stairs with signs of a remote culture; these reveal a series of drawings and engravings outstanding the figures of pumas.
Puca Pucara (voice Quechua: red fortress)
To 7 km northeast the city of Cusco (30 mts in car). Inca archaeological location, located in the peak of a hill, was a military position and an administrative center. For its proximity to Tambomachay, it is believed that it had relationship with its defense, as well as the control of the route to Calca that led to the Antisuyo (Forest county of the Inca). It is a fortification formed by platforms, stairs, passages, turrets, windowsills and a wall that defends the whole construction in a circular shape.
To 7.5 km northeast the city of Cusco (35 mts in car). It was an Inca sanctuary dedicated to the cult of the water, and it was a reserved place for the Inca. It is known as the "Baños del Inca" (Inca's spa). Construction of fine lithic finishes and high domain of the hydraulic engineering. It is a group of walls, united by stairs, with springs that fall to a puddle through channels. The fall of water that gets the attention in these ruins part from the terrace of the second wall and the drainage spill on the first where a small puddle is found.
Province de Acomayo
Four Lagoons In the high part of the river Urubamba or Vilcanota, to 107 Kms. from the city of the Cusco (2 hours approximately in car), we arrived at the locality of Pomacanchi, from where we can cross other 2,5 kms. to the lagoon of the same name. It has a Maxima depth of 140 meters. To his around there are medicinal abundance of natural grass and plants. Between the main species of fish we found trouts, pejerrey, huitas, ccarachis, c'hiñis and carps. Second it is a small lagoon, Acopia, located in the environs of the town of the same name.
The varieties of flora and fauna that we can find are very similar to the lagoon of Pomacanchi. Third it is the lagoon of Asnaqocha, "lagoon of bad scent", by the emanations of a little pleasant scent. There is little variety of flora and fauna. The fourth lagoon, Pampamarca, m.s.n.m is highest of circuit (3.750. It concentrates a great variety of wild fauna like parihuanas and wild ducks, as a result of the abundance of totorales that surround the lagoon. Here the sport fishing practices specially.
Province de Canas
Suspension bridge of Queshuachaca
To 110 Kms. at the Southeastern of the city of the Cusco (1 hour 30 minutes in car approximately), it is arrived until the locality of Combapata. Crossing from there other 31 kms. we arrived to the suspension bridge (45 minutes in car approximately). Every year, and all the second Sunday of June, near 1.000 comuneros are sent to the task of weaving during three days the Suspension bridge of Queshuachaca, with braided straw of ichu and chachacomo . One is a traditional ceremony, that goes back to times previous to the presence of the Inca. Tejeduria is made according to traditional techniques that, with ritual ceremonies and dances executed by the settlers of ayllus of the zone, they evoke to the Apu-Rimac (river). The weave of puentte finishes to the fourth day, giving passage to songs and dances. Its length is of 33 meters with 1.2 meters wide, and from him the tube of the Apurimac river can be appreciated in all its splendor
Provincia de Canchis
Archaeological complex of Raqchi or Wiracocha
Kms to the south of the city of the Cusco is to 112. It is also known him like the "Temple of Wiracocha". It dates from century XV and has been considered by diverse cronistas (Inca Garcilaso of the Fertile valley, Cieza of Leon, Betanzos, father Acosta and Guaman Poma de Ayala) like one of more audacious engineer installations of the Incas.
Provincia de Calca
Town of Pisac
To 32 kms to the northeast of the city of the Cusco, Pisac very is known by its artisan market but, in addition, it lodges incaicos archaeological rest, between which an irrigation system, an astronomical observatory, a solar clock or Intihuatana can be appreciated and andeneria.
Tows of Calca
To 50 kms to the north of the city of the Cusco, is the archaeological complex of Huchuy Qosqo, the thermus-medicinal baths of Machacancha (sulfurosas thermal waters) and Minasmoqo (gaseous waters you cold). Their landscapes are heightened by snowed the Pitusiray and Sawasiray.
Provincia de La Convencion
Kms is to 230. to the northwest of the city of Cuzco (6 to 8 hours in bus, approximately). It is the capital of the province of the Convention and important center of commerce of valleys of Lares and the Convention. The main economic activities are the cocaine production, coffee, cacao and fruit trees. The city was founded the 25 of 1857 July and has a special valley climate, where different sport activities can be developed that the nature tourism of and adventure are complemented with.
Archaeological set of Choquequirao
To 93 kms of the city of Abancay is the locality of Cachora. From there, in a route of 30 kms., are the archaeological rest of Choquequirao (Chuqui K'iraw = "gold cradle"). This could be one of ciudadelas lost where the Incas took refuge as of 1536. It is a complex that consists of nine architectonic stone groups, has hundreds of platform, rooms and systems of irrigation, whereas their constructions are distributed around a esplanade or main seat.
Province de Paucartambo
Three Cruces To 109 kms. to the Southeastern of the city of the Cusco is the locality of Paucartambo. In this point kms is due to cross 45 more until the locality of Three Crossings, a natural viewpoint that is located in the limit of the Biosphere Reserve of the Manu. In this place it happens the call white ray, phenomenon that takes place when the sun is born in the horizon. The light, then, crosses the humid atmosphere of the Manu and, as if it were a prism, it causes the effect to see three suns, one of which jumps from a side to the other. This peculiar phenomenon happens during the dawn of the winter solstice, the 22 of June
Province de Quispicanchis
Town of Oropesa
To 24 kms to the southwest of the city of the Cusco. Oropesa is traditionally well-known like the "Land of the Bread". There numerous homemade furnaces dedicated to the production of the flavorful bread are conserved farmer.
To 30 km to south the city of Cusco (45 mts in car). Inca archaeological area, located at 38 km. (23.6 miles) southeast of Cusco, remains of a city that occupied an area of 50 hectares, big buildings, some of two floors, embankments, big walls that reach up to 7 m height, aqueducts. Also highlights the great quantity of colcas (deposits of grains), and the style of their construction, with small stones, put together with mud. This location is a place where you can also magnify the reach achieved by the Inca in the architecture and urban organization. The historians attribute to this place a character of military defense and center of supplies, for the big deposits of agricultural products, tools, dresses and war weapons that have been found.
Church of Andahuaylillas
Kms to the south of the city of Cuzco is to 36. Its construction dates from the year of 1580. It presents/displays a simple facade that resists with the wealth barroca of the interior, expressed in the golden altars, policromos murals, pictures and ceilings.
Archaeological complex of Tipon
By the asphalted route that leads to the Puno region, a deflection asphalted to the height is taken from km 20.5. Cuatro kms. further on we found Tipon. According to the legend, Tipon is one of the real gardens that ordered to construct Wiracocha. This conformed by twelve terraces flanked by stone walls, perfectly polished, and enormous platforms, channels and ornamentales waterfalls that, with the flora of the place, offer to the visitor an impressive landscape. The site is made up of different sectors: Tipon itself, Intiwatana, Pukutuyuj and Pucara, Moqo Cross, the cemetery of Pitopujio and Hatun Wayq´o, among others.
Province de Urubamba
Town Urubamba (2871 masl)
To 78 kms. to the northwest of the city of the Cusco, by the route towards Pisac. This town is in the heart of the Sacred Valley. At the pre-Hispanic time it was a very important agricultural center. Today, its economy is based on agriculture and the tourism, being one of the most cosy zones of the valley. Fertile and cosy zone where it is possible to spend the night to carry out diverse excursions.
Town of Chinchero (3772 masl)
Located at the northwest of Cusco, at 28 km.(17.4 miles), called "El Pueblo Del Arco Iris" (the town of the rainbow), it is located in a valley, the town of Hispanic architecture is built on old Inca constructions. Its people are the most conservative of the Inca traditions, wearing picturesque clothing. Every Sunday they carry out the "catu", exchange fair of agricultural products, in which the use of the currency is discarded and everything is made in exchange. Also outstanding the textile crafts (crafts as well as local produce).
Town of Maras
It is a bizarre site. Area located at 60 km. (37 miles) and 7 km (4.3 miles) of Moray, where layers of beige and white salt pants are still used to crystallize salt from water. These mines were exploited from pre-Hispanic time. The disposition in the ways used for the extraction of the salt, transforms it into a spectacular scenario. These mines are located very near the town of Maras. The plateu of Maras and Moray are excellent places to trekking or mountain biking; the landscapes are beautiful, and you will be able to have the sensation of touch the sky or snowy peaks.
Town of Yucay
Located in a tempered and fertile valley, to 68 kms to the north of the city of the Cusco. According to the legend it was personal property of the Inca Huayna Capac. From remote times one considered a very important center of hydraulic technology and agrarian production. In this locality we found the palace of the Inca Manco Sayri Tupac Second.
The Salt mines of Maras
To 10 kms of the town of Maras, we found the Salt mines of Maras, salt mines, whose operation is as old as the Tahuantinsuyo. The settlers encausan the saline water that emanates of the ground towards pozas in which, by effects of the sun, the water evaporates, leaving in the surface the salt that soon is treated to be sold in the local market. The Vista of the set of approximately three thousands pozas, is spectacular. The settlers show the visitors their ancestral techniques and allow that they take part in the harvesting, as well as in the Andean celebrations and rituals.
Archaeological complex of Moray
This is a strange place. Area located at 53 km northwest of Cusco, highlights an admirable Inca experimental farm, where a natural depression has been transformed in enormous terraces superimposed in concentric form with a shape of a great coliseum, achieving up to 150 meters in difference of height levels. This technology allowed the old Inca farmers to study the effect of altitude on different plants and create diverse weathers, to experience and to obtain varieties of plants that improved their crops. It was a great laboratory. Each terrace possesses contention walls and they are connected by a complex system of artificial channels of irrigation that are a sample of the high hydraulic technology that the Inca also reached.
Archaeological set of Ollantaytambo
To 97 kms to the northwest of the city of the Cusco is Ollantaytambo. Inca like an area fortified, composed by the temple, the platforms, the urban sector and the other walls of defense was built during the time. Two areas, one can be distinguished denominated Araqama Ayllu , tie zone to the cult and the religion; and Qosqo Ayllu , set dedicated to house. Ollantaytambo was an important administrative center, that probably also it acted as military, as they give to testimony his walls and towers. Also, are tracks of old ways and aqueducts. The town of Ollantaytambo is called "Town Alive Inca", because their settlers live according to uses and inherited customs on the antiquity. From Ollantaytambo, the town of Willoc can be visited, whose maternal language continues being quechua, and whose red clothes identify to them like members of ayllu only and different from the rest of the region.
Santuario Historico de Machu Picchu
To 110 km to the northwest of the city of the Cusco (4 hours in train), until arriving at the locality of Machu Picchu, from where 8 km are crossed more to ciudadela (20 minutes in bus).
The Citadel of Machu Picchu (Quechua language "Old Mountain") is known throughout the world for its amazing ruins and its unusual location on a high mountain overlooking the mighty currents of the Urubamba river. Even today nobody has been able to solve the mystery how the builders and designers managed to transport the huge blocks of limestone to the top of the mountain required for the construction of the city. Probably built during the 15th century in a very difficult location, it is the greatest achievement of the Incas architects due to the intelligence and dare demonstrated by their design. It has an extent of 13 sq/km and its main functions were military and religious. It used to be surrounded by an outer wall with a height of 6.00 m. and a width of 1.80 m. and it is estimated that it was inhabited by 10000 people. Built of limestone (the outer and inner walls), wood (doors and frames), and ceilings made of straw. Machu Picchu is located 2300 meters above sea level (7546 ft.), at 112 km. (70 miles) from Cuzco, in the Urubamba valley in the lowest part of the Sacred Valley of the Incas in a area of direct access to the upper jungle. Without doubt, Machu Picchu was part of a very big complex of fortresses which defended the Andean lands in Sacred valley of any assault from native people out of the jungle. Having Huayna Picchu as a background they divided Machu Picchu in four sectors. Northwest is located the area that was probably used for the main religious purposes, that includes a Plaza named by Hiram Bingham as "Sacred Plaza", also the temple of the "Three Windows", "The Sacred Temple", the "Priests Mansion", and the "Intihuatana" that is a large block of limestone used during Inca ceremonies