History and chiclayo's geography
Chiclayo is a part of Peru where the tropical sun, desert oases and the fresh sea breeze come together. Legend has it that the god Naylamp sailed here together with a vast retinue thousands of years ago to found his empire. In fact, many ancient civilizations saw the strategic advantage of controlling this region, which today is a major business hub in northern Peru, where routes come together from the coast, highlands and jungle. Chiclayo is the capital of the department of Lambayeque, which gave rise to the Mochica culture from 0-600 AD.
Near the town of Sipán, 35 km from Chiclayo, lies Huaca Rajada, a complex where archaeologists discovered the tomb of the Lord of Sipán, a high-ranking leader whose body was accompanied by gold relics and jewelry. The treasure trove is on exhibition at the Brüning National Archaeological Museum, where the Gold Room houses one of the finest collections of gold relics in the Americas.
Another major complex is that of Túcume, also known as the Valley of the Pyramids, as there are 26 of them. Visitors can take in archaeological sites and the natural landscape, as well as experiencing folk healing and a culture interchange in general, thanks to the active participation of the community in the preservation of their natural and cultural heritage.
Chiclayo also boasts some of the finest cooking to be had in northern Peru, serving up dishes such as arroz con pato (duck served with rice) and the local variation of cebiche (raw fish marinated in lemon juice). The city celebrates the festival of Santísima Cruz de Chalpón in February, which falls in summer in the Southern Hemisphere. This is a good time to visit nearby Pimentel, a modern beach resort which provides opportunities for water sports such as surfing. One can also watch how the local fishermen still breast the waves with the caballitos de totora, the reed rafts that have been used along the north coast for thousands of years
Province of Chiclayo
Main Square or Plaza de Armas
Built during Colonial times, it is surrounded by the Cathedral, Town Hall, and the former Santa María Monastery.
Beautiful city located at 11 km (6.8 ml) from Chiclayo, where the first outcry for independence was heard. It preserves beautiful Colonial mansions with big balconies.
Historical construction of neoclassic style made in 1.819, during the government of president Jose Balta after which the old convent of century XVI and the First Church were devastated during the civil wars of that time. It also has some Greek architectonic elements, three frontal covers, two imposing twin towers of bell tower, and in its interior it emphasizes the greater altar of baldoquino with straight pillars.
Municipal palace of Chiclayo
Palacio Municipal , a Republican edifice built in 1919. Along Calle San José, you'll find the Convento Franciscano Santa Maria , built in the early seventeenth century but destroyed, apart from the second cloister, by El Niño rains in 1961
Chapel The Verónica
Located in the intersection of the Street Towers Paz and Alfonso Ugarte, the last century and now declared national, unique historical monument was constructed by the end of in its sort by its structure. The altar greater and adjacent altarpiece present/display a coating of silver and gold bread.
Square Elías Aguirre
This was the first seat that the traveller descried when he lowered of the train in the railway station of Eten. Work of the Peruvian escultor David Lozano, its construction dates from 1924, and was raised in honor to Elías commander Aguirre, chiclayano hero in Combate de Angamos. The trees that adorn it shelter pigeon houses and people concur to the place to entertain themselves feeding the birds.
Artisan market of Monsefú
Artisans' town, located 20 km. (12.4 miles) southwest of Chiclayo. You can arrive from Santa Rosa or from Chiclayo directly by the Pan-American Highway. Among their people there are many artisans dedicated to the making of articles of thread and straw, and ceramic objects. The architecture of their constructions and their residents will transport you to the past.
Well-known like "Beach of Dream". There the marine terminal of Etén Port is located, that dates from year 1873. This beach of 6.5 km of extension, is surrounded by the north, to the mouth of the Reque-Lambayeque river and, by the south, to the end the Lamppost (prolongation in the sea of a projection of the hill Nose of Etén). The beach is of low sand and presents/displays tides of the semi-diurnal type. The bravery of its sea is shown mainly during the months of winter (June at the beginning of September). The bottoms are clean. It is located to only 2.2 km of the city and bath Etén Port, and to 23.4 km (40 minutes) of Chiclayo. Its access is through the asphalt roads Chiclayo-Pimentel-Santa Etén Pink-Port, and the route Etén Chiclayo-Port.
It is located to 46 km to the South This of Chiclayo, to the side of the Zaña river. Diego was founded by disposition of the Virrey Lopez de Zúñiga, in October of 1563, with the name of Santiago de Miraflores de Zaña. Times in which the construction of its temples begins. One became the important city but of the Virreinato of Peru. Opulent and rich, the city, is said, was victima of the divine punishment, by the life dissipated and libertine of its inhabitants.
In 1686 it is sacked by And Davis and their band of pirates, leaving it defenseless and at the mercy of new incursions. In this state, the settlers decide to transfer to their families and properties to the City of Lambayeque, remaining single the slaves and overseers. Zaña managed to recompose, but the 15 of March of 1720 the waters of the river left his causes and envistieron with great force and gigantic surge on the City, devastating everything what was to its step. After this the exodus was complete.
Huaca Rajada The Royal Tombs of the lord of Sipán
Archaeological reservation, located 35 km. (21.7 miles) southeast of Chiclayo. In 1987 Dr. Walter Alva began his investigations in this huaca, thanks to an initial hint given by some "huaqueros" (people from the region dedicated to profane huacas), and discovered the tombs of Señor de Sipan (Lord of Sipan), tombs of priests and important Mochicans, of ritual character. He had also discovered, the tombs "El Sacerdote" (The Priest) and the tomb of the "Viejo Señor de Sipan" (Old Lord of Sipan). The excavation in this location, constituted the first important tomb scientifically explored in Peru, being able to obtain an incalculable historical value, for allow knowing new aspects of the Mochica Culture and the reconstruction of its past.
Resort and fishermen's creek located at 13 km. (8 miles) west of Chiclayo, it has great activity in summer (December - April), practice of surfing. Here you will be able to find and know the famous "caballito de totora" (little boats made out of straw), ancestral crafts, the same as they were made by the Mochicans the third century, where every morning they used to go out fishing, using a piece of cane as a roar.
Ecolgica Reserve Chaparrí
To about 95 klometers of the city of Chiclayo (1 hora y 30 mts in car) is the community farmer of Santa Catherine de Chongoyape who in spite of the shortage of economic resources has managed to organize itself and to develop a valuable project, by means of which destined a great percentage of its earth to create an Ecological Reserve with the objective to preserve the dry forests and their rich biodiversity. In addition they look for the development and sustainable advantage of the resources for benefit of the community. Our good friend and recognized chiclayano professional photographer, Heinz Plenge, has played a role fundamental and has been a great motivador in the development of this initiative.
Province of Ferreñafe
Ferreñafe was founded 13 November of 1550, in charge of the Captain Alfonso de Osorio. She is well-known like "Land of the Double Faith", since according to account the legend their settlers believed faithfully in the law of the spirits and followed the religion catholic. We accede, from Chiclayo, by via asphalted; it is located to the Nor This and 18 km of this one. The main park has a Spanish outline typically. Agriculturists, retailers and farmers meet in this seat, in whose center a sink exists that was sent to bring from Spain in 1857.
Church Santa Lucía
The west of the main park is located in the wing, was inaugurated in 1864, 130 years after initiate its construction. Of baroque architecture - colonial, done with brick, plaster and it marinates. The altar is of cedar and the carob tree doors. The facade has four columns to both sides of the fore door, two of long them but who finish in narrow ornamentales ends. It presents/displays in addition two towers with hemispheric cupolas. The columns of the temple are of Roman style, refaccionadas and painted later. The shield of the church has in the center of the emblem the blue eyes of Santa Lucia and the flanked set
Located to 36 km to the Nor This of Chiclayo. The route is born in the oval formed between the Avs. Nicholas de Piérola and East, this highway will take to us until Ferreñafe (18 km), city that we crossed by its Real Street, after 8 km we arrived at Pítipo and we continued by the same one via until arriving at the Screen (10 km), where we will locate the Center of Interpretation of Great Fulling mill, to the doors of the cultural center of Sicán, immersed in the heat of Forest of Pómac. In this Center of Interpretation it is possible to be eaten for lunch and to be rented horses, with which it will cross the complex of 20 pyramids or huacas and in addition the Pómac Forest. Located in the average valley of the River Milk Reserve is considered Archaeological and Ecological National. From the top of these monuments the landscape is appraised as an extensive green carpet, interrupted by some footpath, another pyramid or zigzagear of the river the Milk, which refreshes the zone.
To 35 km al north the city of Chiclayo (1 hours in car). In this Center of Interpretation it is possible to be eaten for lunch and to be rented horses, with which it will cross the complex of 20 pyramids or huacas and in addition the Pómac Forest. Located in the average valley of the River Milk Reserve is considered Archaeological and Ecological National. From the top of these monuments the landscape is appraised as an extensive green carpet, interrupted by some footpath, another pyramid or zigzagear of the river the Milk, which refreshes the zone.
Province of Lambayeque
Small city located at 12 km. (7.45 miles) north of Chiclayo, colonial constructions, old capital of the department of Lambayeque. Bruning Museum.
Church of San Pedro
Constructed in century XVI, monument is considered national.
The Royal Tombs of Sipán Museum
The Royal Tombs of Sipán exhibits the most important archaeological remains of the Mochica Culture, in an exceptional exhibition that combines maximum scientific accuracy, security and enjoyment to show the jewels, emblems and ornaments found in 1987 in the tomb of a Mochica government leader called the Lord of Sipán.
The museum is in Lambayeque, to 15 km of Chiclayo, and it was inaugurated at the end of the 2002, it is a very modern and didactic museum, in pyramid form in which you penetrate by the superior part and you are descending sumergiéndote in the helped mochica culture with a tenuous light that you aisla while you wonders of reached technological sophistication for 1700 years, that allowed mochichas to weld gold and to cover copper with gold, all shaped it in spectacular jewels, like a necklace of 12 massive gold spiders.
A visit forced in Lambayeque. Spectacular sample of more than 1,500 pieces (chimú gold, weaves and ceramics, between many others). One formed on the basis of the patient collection of objects that the German Engineer initiated by the end of Enrique Brüning the last century. It was acquired by the Peruvian State in 1.925. The collection has be becoming rich by the pieces product of the seizures, donations and the new excavations and discoveries.
Archaeological complex of Huaca Chotuna
To 12 km to the west of the city of Chiclayo (15 minutes in car) This pyramid set you truncate and enclosures extend on an area of approximately 20 hectares. It is a legend place, because one identifies with the Legend of Naylamp and the foundation to him of the Lambayeque culture. According to this one, the own Naylamp ordered the construction of one of the temples of the complex, known like Chot, place where it put ídolo of stone known green color like Ñam Pallec. Thus, until today, the settlers fear and respect to the huaca, because they think that in the depths of the Earth still they are Naylamp and its descendants.
Archaeological complex of Túcume
Archaeological center, located 32 km. north of Chiclayo, very near to the town of Tucume. This pre-Inca city, flourished among the XII and XIII centuries; outstanding 26 pyramidal huacas made of adobe, the walled enclosures and big cementeries. One of their pyramids measure 400 m. lenght, 100 m. width and 35 m. height, with a similar volume to the big pyramids of Egypt. The foundation of this city, is attributed to Naylamp. It was the center of an essentially marine culture, this is deduced for the friezes founded in their walls with marine decorations and shells that only come from Ecuador and Panama. Their investigators have found remains of plants, feathers of tropical birds and semiprecious stones that are nonexistent in the region, which demonstrates that they had a great commercial net and that they were big navigators.