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De:
Maria Hernandez
Enviado:
Martes, 10 julio del 2012, 18:33 hrs.
Sr. Dante Valenzuela Mi esposo Pablo y yo Maria Alejandra quisieramos agradecerle a usted y a todo el personal de su agencia todas las atenciones, la calidez humana, buena organizacion y profesionalismo que hicieron de nuestro viaje al Peru una experiencia inolvidable. El cumplimiento en el itinerario fue muy puntual, los tours y los guias fueron maravillosos, la informacion que recibimos ........

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Centro Historico de Lima
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HISTORIC CENTER OF LIMA


USEFULL DATE

The city of Lima is located in the margins of the Rimac river, in front of the Pacific Ocean. Well-known also like City of the Kings, Pizarro was founded by Francisco the 18 of January of 1535.
Lima, whose name comes from the indigenous word “Rimac”, that means talkative, grew quickly and it became during centuries XVI and XVII the most important and powerful metropolis of Spanish America. It was center of the commercial and cultural activities of the virreinato until century XVIII, when it loses his hegemony due to the creation of the Virreinato of the River of the Silver that absorbs with himself the mines of Potosi.
At the present time, Lima is a modern city that offers a great variety of attractive, which they are a harmonious synthesis of his historical wealth, in his museums, traditional districts, artisan restaurants and galleries.
Within the city the historical center stands out, declared Patrimony of the Humanity by UNESCO.

It has a reticular layout and in his interior it lodges numerous monumental sets of centuries XVII and XVIII, the majority in the left border of the Rimac. At another time it was walled to protect it of the constant pirate attacks.
Lima is barroca, as much in its civil architecture as in the nun, presenting/displaying formation force of styles. The city seriously was affected by earthquakes of 1940, 1966, 1970 and 1974, but it has conserved good part of his architectonic legacy, many of remodelados them.
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Lima Of Step
2 Days/1 Nigth
From US$ 74.00


Colonial Lima
3 Days/2 Nigths
From US$ 113.00

Virreynal Lima
4 Days/3 Nigths
From US$ 227.00

Circuits
Include Lima


Hotels in Lima



Important dates

Inscription Criteria in the Unesco
The historic centre of Lima constitutes an excellent testimony to the architecture and urban development of an early and important Spanish colonial town in Latin America because of its politics, its economy and its culture. (IV) Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1988

Location and site
On the desert coast of the Pacific Ocean, in an oasis region and sheltered from the trade winds, Lima is 12 km. from the port of Callao, which is part of its territory. It is at the foot of the San Cristobal hill, and the Rio Rimac flows through it.

Historical Function
Politics, religion, administration.

Administrative Status
Capital of Peru.

Foundation
1535 A.D., although the site has been inhabited since ancient times.

Population
6,584,662



History

• The foundation, in 1535, of Ciudad de los Reyes (which later became Lima) by Pizarro under the authority of Charles-Quint, marked an important event in the Conquest of Peru. As capital of the Spanish empire of South America, then of the Vice-royalty of Peru when it was created in 1543, Lima catered to areas of rich mining and agricultural production.

• During the second half of the 16th century, the number of religious institutions in Lima increased; these included the Monastery of San Francisco. The first university of the New World, San Marcos, was founded there in 1551. Large colonial homes were also constructed.

• Lima's population increased rapidly in the 17th century, and its prosperity attracted pirates. The wall that was erected for defense purposes in 1670 defined the limits of the old city.

• Lima was subjected to a succession of violent earthquakes in 1586, 1687 and 1746. The third one, which destroyed its cupolas and towers, also razed almost all of its 6,000 houses.

• After Independence was declared in 1821, Lima exerted its supremacy within the boundaries of present-day Peru. The Plaza de Armas remained the centre of political power and of the religious hierarchy within the new republic.

• The urban fabric of the historic town was largely unaffected by the modernisation that took place elsewhere during the second half of the 19th century.

Urban Morphology

The form of the site is reticulated as its design is the result of the selection and integration of monumental ensembles. The majority of the important monuments and the square known as Plaza de Armas, which was the heart of the colonial city, are situated on the north side of the Rio Rimac; the older residential quarters are located on the south side. The orthogonal grid of the heart of Lima, which was laid out by Diego de Aguero, remains intact, and the central core has maintained its original functions.

The majority of monuments date to the 17th and 18th centuries. Most of the religious and civic buildings are Baroque in style, and exemplify the originality and the unity of Hispano-American architecture. The sculpted portals and balconies of carved wood add to the city's finery and character. In addition to its most important monuments, the historic centre possesses pre-colonial ruins, notably those of the ceremonial centre of La Florida.

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ATTRACTIVES

Seat of Arms of Lima
Axis of the urban center of the city, lodges in its perimeter to three of the most important buildings of colonial the time the Cathedral, the Palace of the Virreyes (present Palace of Government known like the House of Pizarro), and the Municipality (in the seat of the Town hall, that a bronze battery of century XVII conserves in center).

Francisco Pizarro: The founder of Lima
The ecuestre statue of the founder of the city, was donated by the widow of the North American escultor Ramsey Mac Donald. In 1935 it was placed in the vestibule of the Cathedral, but in 1950 a square next to the Palace of Government, or House of Pizarro was constructed.

Government Palace: The House of Pizarro
From its beginnings the House of Pizarro was a great building with garden in means, Vista to the river by the later part and with a door of honor towards the lateral street. Still a fig tree seeded by he himself conqueror subsists in its interior. It was saquedos by the Chilean troops in 1883 and totally remodelado in 1926 by president Augusto B. Leguia.
At the present time it counts on a patio of front honor (in the photo, the change of guard of the Husares de Junin), a beautiful grating and the presidential residence in the later part. It contains in his most valuable interior moving and important pictures of the Peruvian painting of centuries XIX and XX.
Tour: tourist routes by the five main halls, the Great Hall and the dining room are made, the visits are gratuitous, but it is necessary to coordinate them with two days of anticipation.

The Archiepiscopal Palace
Inaugurated in 1924, the Archiepiscopal Palace is work of the Polish architect Ricardo Malachowski. Celocias has gorgeous balconies carved with primorosas. Through a patio of naranjos one communicates with the Cathedral of Lima.

Churches of Lima

The Cathedral
Building of 1746, that occupies he himself place of the original building of 1555, and which it is product of the reconstruction made under the direction of the Jesuit Juan Rehr after the 1746 earthquake. Their herreriana facade and its interior are austere; the ashlar masonry of the choir, the altars and the tomb of Francisco stand out Pizarro.

Church and Convent of San Francisco
He is the greater one of South America, and dates from century XVII. It has beautiful claustros with tiles and an interesting museum of virreinal art that contains a valuable artistic work collection and catacombs of more than 300 years of antiquity.

Church of San Pedro
Baroque temple inaugurated in 1638 with the name of San Pablo, and red-baptize in 1767 after the expulsion of the Jesuits. Their lateral ships are decorated with golden altars worked magnificently and has pictures of great value.

Church and Convent of Santo Domingo
Its construction began with the foundation of Lima and concluded at the end of century XVI. The church of three ships has an interesting ashlar masonry in the choir carved in cedar and a cupola of singular beauty. The convent of beautiful claustros adorned with Sevillian tiles and a room to capitulate with statures barrocas, was the place where the University of San Marcos was based on 1551.

Convent of the Barefoot ones
Century XVI was founded by the end of and presents/displays the characteristics of a typical convent of harvesting. In his ample atmospheres it keeps valuable paintings from the Quito School and Cuzqueña, of artists like Medoro, Diego Quispe Tito and others.


Large Houses of Lima

Palace Torre Tagle
Present seat of the Ministry of Outer Relations. Mansion of principles of the century XVIII with beautiful facade, stone cover and two beautiful carved balconies.

House of Osambela
It is of beginnings of century XIX. It has in his facade five balconies and a viewpoint that allows to observe the entrance and exit of the boats of the Callao. Recently it has been recovered and it works like seat of important cultural institutions.

House of Riva Agüero
House of donated century XIX to the Catholic University by the last descendant of the proprietors, Don Jose of the Riva Agüero. There they work at the moment the Institute of he himself name that keeps a complete historical file and library in first stage, and a museum of Popular Art.

Museums of Lima

National museum of Anthropology and Archaeology
It presents/displays an important collection of ceramios, textileria and orfebreria of the old cultures Chavin, Mochica, Chimu, Tiahuanaco, Pucara, Paracas, Is born and Inca.

Gold museum
Particular collection of Mr. Miguel Mujica Gallo of gold and jewels of the preincaicas cultures, specially pieces of the Mochica cultures, Chimu and Nazca. Also it has an interesting Museum of Arms with pieces that date from century XVI.

Museum Larco Herrera
Deprived collection of ceramios, particularly of the Mochica culture. In the room of the treasure it keeps valuable pieces from orfebreria like the only peto from complete gold from a Chimu head.

Amano Museum
Particular collection of ceramics and textileria of all the preHispanic cultures, specially of the Chancay culture.

Museum of Art
Old Palace of the Exhibition (1869). It has a rich collection of ceramics, textileria orfebreria pre-Hispanic, colonial and republican paintings and platerias, that to the present time summarizes 3000 years of our history from the Chavin culture.

National museum of History
One is in one old house fifth of century XIX and exhibits a collection of historical objects and paintings, specially of the republican time.

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OTHERS ATTRACTIVENESS

Huaca Huallamarca
Ceremonial center of piramidal form of the preincaica time, with site museum that exhibits objects found in the place.

Huaca Pucllana or Juliana
Preincaico temple with small museum of site.

Miraflores
Important district, with beautiful gardens, malecones and a viewpoint with Vista to the sea.

Precipice
District that at the moment lodges to prestigious artists and writers, with multiple taverns and restaurants where develops veiled entertainments very. The Bridge of the Sighs is a romantic.



Map Center History Lima


01. Palacio de Gobierno
02. Palacio Municipal
03. Catedral Metropolitana
04. Iglesia del Sagrario
05. Palacio Arzobispal
06. Casa del Corregidor
07. Club de la Union
08. Casa de Aliaga
09. Correo Central
10. Convento de Sto. Domingo
11. Casa de Osambela
12. Casa-Museo Fco. Bolognesi
13. Patronato de Lima
14. Casa de Barbieri
15. Santuario de Sta. Rosa
16. Parroquia de San Sebastian
17. iglesia de Las Nazarenas
18. Casa de la Riva (Entre Nous)
19. Hotel Savoy
20. Teatro Municipal
21. Teatro Segura
22. Convento San Agustin
23. Casa de Riva Aguero
24. Casa-Museo Miguel Grau
25. Casa de O'Higgins
26. Convento de La Merced
27. Bolsa de Valores de Lima
28. Diario "El Comercio"
29. Bco. Central de Reserva
30. Biblioteca Nacional
31. Convento de San Pedro
32. Casa de Goyeneche
33. Ministerio de RR.EE
34. Palacio de Torre Tagle
35. Museo del Bco. Central
36. Casa de Pilatos
37. Convento de San Francisco
38. Museo de Lima (Proyecto)
39. Estacion de Desamparados
40. Plaza Mayor (Ex de Armas)
41. Plaza San Martin
42. Hotel Crillon
42'. Centro de Convenciones Crillon
43. Parroquia de San Marcelo
44. Iglesia de Jesus Maria
45. Hotel Bolivar
46. Hotel El Plaza
47. Club Nacional
48. Hotel Riviera
49. Hospicio Manrique
50. Iglesia de La Recoleta
51. Centro de Convenciones
52. Hotel Lima Sheraton
53. Paseo "Heroes Navales"
54. Palacio de justicia


55. Museo de Arte Italiano
56. Museo Historico Militar
57. Museo de Arte
58. Univ. Mayor de San Marcos
59. Parque Universitario
60 Panteon de Los Proceres
61. Iglesia de Los Huerfanos
62. Iglesia Santisima Trinidad
63. Plaza Bolivar
64. Congreso Nacional
65. Museo de la Inquisicion
66. Tercera Orden Franciscana
67. Hospicio Ruiz Davila
68. Casa de las 13 Monedas
69. Escuela de Bellas Artes
70. Colegio Real
71. Casa Canevaro
72. iglesia La Buena Muerte
73. Monasterio de Trinitarias
74. Molino de Santa Clara
75. Monasterio de Sta. Clara
76. Quinta Heeren
77. Iglesia del Carmen Alto
78. Iglesia de Santa Ana
79. Plaza Italia
80. Convento de Los Descalzos
81. Casa de La Moneda
82. Colegio de Santo Tomas
83. Mercado Central
84. Monasterio de La Concepcion
85. Sta. Rosa de Las Monjas
86. Barrio Chino
87. Ex Hospital San Bartolome
88. Cuartel de Sta. Catalina
89. Convento de Santa Catalina
90. Jardin Botanico
91. Escuela de Artes y Oficios
92. Facultad de Medicina
93. Hospital Dos de Mayo
94. Iglesita del Puente
95. Parroquia de San Lazaro
96. Quinta de Presa
97. Iglesia de Copacabana
98. Plaza de Toros de Acho
99. Paseo de Aguas
100. Alameda de los Descalzos
101. Iglesia de Santa Liberata
102. Iglesia del Patrocinio
103. Convento de Los Descalzos
104. Mirador de San Cristobal
105. Iglesia de Las Cabezas
106. Puente de Piedra
107. Puente Balta



Anecdotes of Lima
The city of Lima is rich in traditions, and anecdotal facts that they involve his appraised symbols more. Here, some of those histories.

 
Pizarro or Cortes?
Each 18 of January place floral offerings to him. Nevertheless, few know that the monument, in fact, was made in tribute the conqueror of Mexico, Courteous Hernan, but it was rejected in that country by some authority. They brought it to Lima, and - as all the conquerors used beard and carried helmet destined it so that he represents Francisco Pizarro.
     
 
“The drilled rock”
This singular stone is well-known as the “drilled Rock” and is located between blocks 10 and 11 of the Junin shred. It dates from the time from the Pre-Hispanic. It counts a tradition of Ricardo Palma who its orifice is the result of the flight of the devil before the “threat” of two processions - one of the Virgin of the Carmen and the other of the Gentleman of the Miracles that converged in the corner where it is.
     
 
“The votiva flame”
They asked to him the artist in charge to erect a monument to the generalissimo Don Jose of San Martin whom, underneath he himself, it carved to a woman representing the freedom and that carried in its hands a “votiva flame”. The artist did not understand the order well and, instead of the “votiva flame”, she chose to design a flame (auquenido) upon its head.
   
There it is the detail
The monument to the hero of Angamos, Miguel Grau, shines magnificent and striking. Nevertheless, who pays attention to his indumentaria, it will discover that their boots are not own of the sailors but of the soldiers who fight in earth. And that the grip of its saber, very off guard, was carved outwards and not beaten to the body, as it were used at the time.
   
Lions without base
Sometimes the beautiful Stroll Columbus had twelve marble lions that adorned their entrance. Little by little, the lions were disappearing and were left only two, whose bases to date remain in he himself site (right photo) and serve as seat for the passers-by. Both feline survivors were destined “to guard” the porch of the Palace of Justice.

 

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